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Titles to Look Out For:
[in alphabetical order, dated to earliest edition. Each listing includes later editions and printings]
1982. Beyer, Peacock. Locomotive Builders to the World by R. L. Hills and D. Patrick
1966. British Railways Standard Steam Locomotives by E. S. Cox


Hills, R.L. and Patrick, D. 'Beyer, Peacock: Locomotive Builders to the World', published in 1982 by The Transport Publishing Company, Glossop, Derbyshire, in hardcover with dustjacket, 302pp, ISBN 0903839415. Sorry, sold out, but click image to access prebuilt search for this title on Amazon
1982, The Transport Publishing Company
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Contents: Detailed, illustrated (b&w and colour) large-sized volume (30.8cm high *22cm width). This was the first detailed account of a private locomotive building firm to be published and takes the story from the founders and the Gorton Foundry in 1854 to its acquisition by National Chemical Industries in August 1978

Chapters:

1. The Founders
2. Gorton Foundry, 1854-1868
3. The First Partnership, 1854-1868
4. The First Locomotives, 1854-1868
5. The Second Partnership, 1869-1882
6. The Private Limited Company, 1883-1902
7. Locomotives Built, 1883-1902
8. The Works After Fifty Years
9. The Public Limited Company, 1902-1918
10. The Garratt Locomotive, 1907-1914
11. The South African Garratt, 1928-1939
12. Gorton Foundry between the Two World Wars
13. The Garratt Matures, 1924-1927
14. The Beyer-Garratt, 1928-1939
15. The Second World War
16. Developments in Design
17. The Last Years of Steam, 1946-1958
18. The Struggle for Survival, 1958-1970

Notes; Appendix
1. Products and Profits
2. Men Employed and Wage Rates, 1854-1855
3. Chester Station Engines
4. Turnover and Employees, 1928-1964
5. Production Figures
6. Garratt Locomotives Built under Sub-Contract or Licensees
7. Metropolitan-Vickers, Beyer, Peacock Limited, 1949-1960

Other Beyer, Peacock Books:

1982, Greater Manchester Museum of Science & Industry, 12pp

Cox, E. S. 'British Railways Standard Steam Locomotives', published in 1973 in Great Britain in paperback, 218pp, ISBN 0711004498. Condition: Fair to Good - pages are loose (particularly the plates) and there is creasing to the front and back covers. Still a very decent copy. Price: £11.55, not including post and packing, which is Amazon UK's standard charge (currently £2.80 for UK buyers, more for overseas customers)
1973, Ian Allan, pbk
In stock, click to buy for £11.55, not including post and packing

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  • British Railways Standard Steam Locomotives [top]
    Written by E. S. Cox, Executive Officer for Design on the former British Railways Executive
    First published in 1966 in Great Britain
    Reprinted in 1973 in paperback by Ian Allan Ltd, 218pp, ISBN 0711004498. Price when originally sold in 1973: £1.10

    The railway modeller should note that this book contains many scale diagrams with dimensions (in feet and inches - see figures section)

About this book/synopsis: Reprinted in 1973 in paperback, 218pp, ISBN 0711004498 by Ian Allan, this is E. S. Cox's classic and historic work on British Railways Standard Steam Locomotives. In 1951, British Railways began building its own steam locomotives to its own standard designs. These incorporated London, Midland & Scottish practices (LMS), but incorporated ideas and modifications from the other three of the "Big Four" companies (Southern Railway; Great Western Railway; London & North Eastern Railway); and also from the United States. Robert Riddles oversaw the design of the standards. Some characteristic features were tapered boilers, high running plates (for ease of maintenance), two cylinders and streamlined cabs. 999 BR "Standards" were constructed with the last constructed being 92220 Evening Star, built in 1960. This book is as close to the heart of this incredible industrial and engineering harmonisation project as you can get. It provides an invaluable detailed insight into the BR Standard classes from someone on the inside of this whole story. E. S. Cox was the Executive Officer for Design on the former Railways Executive, who worked with two other former LMS (London Midland Scottish) men - Robert Riddles and Roland C. Bond to bring about standardisation. In this preliminary discussion of the pros and cons of locomotive standardisation, the author describes a number of previous exercises in this field. The main part of this book relates the inception, development and design of this final range of British steam engines. It follows closely the lives of these locomotives through construction, testing and performance on the line, dealing expertly with such matters as maintenance, teething troubles and costs. In dealing with these controversial machines, the author sheds further light on the last days of steam, and makes many interesting comparisons with the final designs of the LMS, LNER, GWR and SR with which the BR engines had to compete. The book ends with some original thoughts on what trend design might have followed had nationalisation never taken place, or had the triumph of the diesel been delayed for another decade or more

Contents:
1. Standard Locomotives in Great Britain before 1948
2. Setting the Stage - 1948
3. The Twelve B.R. Standard Types - Their Development and Realisation
4. The Design Process and Development of the Boilers
5. Design of the Mechanical Parts
6. Manufacture, Total Stock and Variations from Standard
7. Test Results
8. Performance in Service - Classes 7 and 8
9. Performance in Service - The Rest
10. Casualties and Defects
11. Mileages and Costs
Conclusion; Index

List of Figures (scale diagrams in feet and inches unless otherwise indicated)
2. Scheme for 4-6-0 to run on Midland Division in Scotland using 2-6-0 cylinders and modified Prince of Wales Belpaire boiler. Engine and tender (3,500 gallons; 6 tons of coal) are shown
3. Suggested scheme for 2-6-4 tank engine to use the same parts as 2-6-0 tender engine (Horwich diagram No. 17020). Engine and integral 3 tons (coal) and 2000 gallons (water) tender are shown
4. Two pages containing three scale diagrams of the original proposals for 4-6-2 and 2-8-2 locomotives, side elevations: Top (page 48): Two drawings - type 70 (passenger) and type 71 (mixed traffic) class 6 with 21 ton axle-loading; then (page 49) type 72 - a type 90 (freight) class 8 with 16.5 ton axle-loading
5. Side elevation of a Class 8 2-8-2 engine and tender giving figures like boiler barrel diameter and grate area, etc
6. Standard Class 7, 4-6-2 engine, front and side elevations, with tender giving figures like firebox (outside) dimensions and adhesion factor
7. Standard Class 6, 4-6-2 engine, front and side elevations, with tender giving figures (amongst others) like boiler tube and free flue area dimensions
8. Standard Class 5, 4-6-0 engine, front and side elevations, with tender giving figures like boiler barrel diameter (outside) and heating surfaces tubes dimensions
9. BR Standard Class 9, 2-10-0 engine, front and side elevations with tender giving figures like boiler barrel diameter (outside) and heating surfaces tubes dimensions
10. Two pages containing three scale diagrams of the original proposals for 4-6-2, 4-6-0, and 2-6-0 locomotives in side elevations showing both engines and tenders:
Top (page 56) - A type 75 (passenger) class 7 with 22.5 ton axle-loading
Page 57, top: a type 76, mixed traffic class 4 with 17 ton axle-loading
and page 57, bottom: a type 78 (mixed traffic) class 3 with 16 ton axle-loading
11. Standard Class 8, 4-6-2 engine, front and side elevations with British-Caprotti valve gear
12. BR Standard Class 4, 4-6-0 engine, front and side elevations, giving key dimensions
13. Standard Class 3, 2-6-0 engine, front and side elevations giving key dimensions
14. BR Standard Class 3, 2-6-2 tank engine, front and side elevations, giving key dimensions
15. Standard Class 4, 2-6-0 engine, front and side elevations, giving key dimensions
16. BR Standard Class 4, 2-6-4 tank engine, front and side elevations, giving key dimensions
17. Standard Class 2, 2-6-0 engine, front and side elevations, giving key dimensions
18. Standard Class 2, 2-6-2 tank engine, front and side elevations, giving key dimensions
19. Cylinder lubrication system diagram sowing atomiser steam control, pistons, lubricator warming cocks and check valve connections, etc
20. Proposed 3-cylinder 4-6-2 passenger engine - side elevation of engine and tender
21. Layout of drive to Caprotti valve gear on a B.R. Class 8 4-6-2 with dimensions showing front and side elevations of the locomotive
22. Diagram of a Franco Crosti Boiler (no dimensions given)
23. BR Class 9, 2-10-0 Crosti engine, side and front elevation with key dimensions
24. BR Standard Class 9, 2-10-0 engine fitted with mechanical stoker, side and front elevation, with key dimensions
25. Giesl oblong ejector draught arrangement as fitted to a class 9 2-10-0 with dimensions
26. Arrangement of steam collector: present vs. interim vs. original as on a BR Class 7 4-6-2


List of Tables:
1. Building of W. D. (War Department) Austerity Locomotives 1943-1946
2. Dimensions of early "Standard" Freight Engines
3. Comparative performance and efficiency as disclosed by constant speed tests
4. Pattern of Interchange Trials, 1948
5. Construction and original allocation of L. M. R. Locomotives to Eastern, North Eastern and Southern Regions, 1948-1952
6. Boiler dimensions, B. R. Locomotives
7. Boiler proportions as built
8. Particulars of Cylinders and Valve Gear
9. Balancing particulars
10. Representative Laminated Spring particulars
11. B. R. Standard Steam Locomotives built 1951-1960 inclusive
12. Annual Building Programmes, 1951-1954 Tender Engines
13. Annual Building Programmes, 1955-1958 Tender Engines
14. Annual Building Programmes, 1951-1958 Tank Engines
15. List of names allocated to B. R. Locomotives as built
16. Departures from Standard
17. Performance and Efficiency - B. R. Locomotives
18. Performance and Efficiency - various Locomotives at 3,000lb. hr. Firing Rate
19. Actual Results of Tests - Crosti 2-10-0
20. Hypothetical Results - Crosti 2-10-0
21. Performance in Service - B.R. Locomotives, L. M. Region, Preston - Carlisle
22. Footplate Observations - Preston-Carlisle
23. Performance in Service - L.M. Region, St. Pancras - Leicester
24. Performance in Service - L.M. Region, Leicester-St. Pancras
25. Performance in Service - Eastern Region, Ipswich - Norwich
26. Performance in Service - Eastern Region, Norwich - Ipswich
27. Performance in Service - Western Region, Newport - Paddington
28. Performance in Service - L.M. Region, Euston-Rugby
29. Performance in Service - Scottish Region, Symington - Carlisle
30. Performance in Service - Scottish Region, Perth-Sterling
31. Scottish Region - Runs with "Clan" Class officially recorded by Motive Power Inspectors
32. Performance in Service - Eastern Region, Ipswich - Liverpool
33. Performance in Service - Scottish Region, Glasgow - Perth
34. Performance in Service - Scottish Region, Perth - Aberdeen
35. Performance in Service - Scottish Region, Glasgow - Troon
36. Performance in Service - L. M. Region, Wigan - Southport
37. Performance in Service - Scottish Region, Huntley - Aberdeen
38. Mileage between consecutive repairs
39. Representative repair costs per mile
40. Representative first costs
41. Effects of price variations
42. Actual and Estimated Performances, L. M. "Duchess" Class 4-6-2

Plates (all B&W photographs, except 22 and 24; Official British Railway Photographs unless otherwise indicated):
1. Front and side elevation of a very weathered-looking 63572, a Great Central Design of 2-8-0 as built for the War Department during the 1914-1918 War (Photographer: L. King)
2. Front and side elevation of Stanier 2-8-0 No. 48490 on an up freight train approaching Ampthill Tunnel on the Midland main line south of Bedford (Photographer: E. S. Cox)
3. Front and side elevation, of a slightly weathered Austerity 2-8-0 No. 90042 at Stratford, Eastern Region (Photographer: R. E. Vincent)
4. Photograph of weathered Austerity 2-10-0 No. 73788, no WD 601 Kitchener, at Polmadie, Glasgow, in July 1957 when on loan from the Longmoor Military Railway (Photographer: A. W. Martir)
5. Photograph of Austerity 0-6-0 saddle tank No. 68051 in original B.R. livery
6. Photograph of Class 7 4-6-2 No. 70004 William Shakespeare with a special very shiny exhibition finish for the "Festival of Britain" in 1951
7. Photograph of a London Midland design of 2-6-4T built at Brighton for use on Southern Region metals - looks clean and glossy
8. Class 6 4-6-2 No. 72000 Clan Buchanan in what looks to be a glossy and new ex-works condition
9. Photograph of a front and side elevation of Class 5 4-6-0 No. 73072, with flush-sided tender. Looks clean & glossy - possibly ex-works
10. Class 9 2-10-0 No. 92087, front and side elevation. Possibly ex-works judging by the new and clean look it has
11. Class 8, 4-6-2 No. 71000 Duke of Gloucester, slightly weathered
12. Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75066, front and side elevation, in what looks to be nice new, shiny ex-works condition
13. Class 3 2-6-2T No. 82037 in British Railways passenger livery (ex-works condition?)
14. Front and side elevation of No. 77009
15. Class 4 2-6-0, No. 76000, looks to be ex-works, front and side elevation
16. Class 4 2-6-4T, No. 80010, side elevation, ex-works condition
17. Class 2 2-6-0 No. 78000, slightly weathered
18. Class 2 2-6-2T No. 84002, in ex-works condition
19. A Class 7 boiler on the riveting tower in Crewe Works
20. Inner copper firebox of a Class 7 locomotive
21. Ashpan of a Class 7 locomotive
22. DRAWING with a cut-away perspective of a Class 7 engine showing the firebox, grate and ashpan arrangement
23. Brand new self-cleaning plates and spark arrestor netting in the smokebox of a Class 7 engine
24. DRAWING of an earlier proposal for a Class 7 locomotive with a double chimney and bar frames
25. Cab-end view of No. 70000 showing the injectors and other fittings attached to the boiler
26. Walschaerts valve gear on Class 7 4-6-2 No. 70000 Britannia
27. Reversing gear showing the screw acting directly on the weigh shaft
28. Completed main frames for a Pacific locomotive
29. Underside of the footplate of a Class 7 locomotive showing the pipework
30. Full-size wooden mock-up of the rear end of the engine and front part of the tender of 70000 Britannia, a Class 7 4-6-2
31. View inside the cab of the full size wooden mock-up of 70000 Britannia
32. Close up view of a mechanical lubricator and two groups of atomisers with diaphragm type check valves
33. Rotating jig for welding horn guides into the main frame at Crewe Works
34. Side and front view of a Class 9 2-10-0 under construction at Crewe
35. A Class 5 4-6-0 under construction at Derby. Cab and boiler are mostly complete; no bogies and wheelsets are present
36. A Class 4 4-6-0 in Swindon erecting shop being lifted by the overhead crane with GWR No. 6837 in the rear right background
37. A Class 4 2-6-4T in Brighton erecting shop
38. Inspection of No. 75000 new out of Swindon works (looks beautiful too) with the key men behind the BR Standard programme posed in front of the foremost non-driving; and driving wheels; from left: Messrs Millard (erecting shop foreman); Roberts (works manager), Robert Riddles (Railway Executive member); the author E. S. Cox; Jarvis (chief technical assistant at Brighton works); and Durban (chief locomotive draughtsman, Brighton works)
39. Marylebone Station: the naming ceremony of No. 70000 Britannia on January 30th, 1951. From the left on the platform are Sir Eustace Missenden; Lord Hurcomb; Robert A. Riddles and the Rt. Honourable Alfred Barnes, Minister of Transport
40. Inside connecting rod of a 3-cylinder 4-6-2 No. 71000
41. Front and side view of Class 5 4-6-0 No. 73150 fitted with Caprotti valve gear (Photographer: P. J. Sharpe)
42. Class 7 4-6-2 No. 70044 temporarily fitted with Westinghouse air pumps
43. Class 9 2-10-0 No. 92028 with a Crosti boiler in original condition working an up coal train near Ampthill Tunnel, south of Beford
44. Cab view of the Class 9 2-10-0 showing the arrangement of the Berkeley mechanical stoker
45. Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75029 in ex-works condition with the Swindon design of double chimney
46. Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75070, looking slightly weathered and with the shorter Brighton design of double chimney heading with a down-East Grinstead train near Oxted (Photographer: E. S. Cox)
47. Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75006 on the Swindon test plan in November 1951, during the running period of a test at 19,600lb of steam per hour
48. Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75006 during a controlled road test with dynamometer car on the Western Region
49. Class 7 4-6-2 No. 70005 on the Rugby Test Plant
50. Class 8 4-6-2 No. 71000 Duke of Gloucester in service with a 12-coach train, pulling away from Rugby in September 1958 with the down Midday Scot (Photographer E. Williams)
51. Class 8 4-6-2 No. 71000 Duke of Gloucester near Didcot hauling 20 coaches on a controlled road test
52. Class 6 4-6-2 No. 71001 Clan Cameron with a morning northbound freight climbing from the Clyde viaduct towards Lamington Station in November 1960 (Photographer D. Cross)
53. Class 7 4-6-2 No. 70013 Oliver Cromwell arriving at Penrith with the Keswick portion of the down Lakes Express on August 14, 1964
54. Class 9 2-10-0 No. 92220 Evening Star standing at Newport on July 1, 1960 with the down Capitals United Express (Photographer: J. Hodge)
55. Class 9 2-10-0 No. 92024 with a Crosti boiler passing Elstree & Borehamwood with an up Midland coal train in October 1963 (Photographer: B. Stephenson)
56. Class 4 2-6-0 No. 76009, looking quite weathered leaving Southampton Central in 1953 on a Portsmouth - Salisbury train (Photographer: P. Ransome-Wallis). Looks like the train is five carriages long
57. Class 3 2-6-0 No. 77015 crossing Glenbuck Loch en route to Muirkirk with a three-carriage training from Carstairs in the early sixties (Photographer: D. Cross)
58. Class 3 2-6-2 leaving Tebay in May 1955 with a miners' special returning from Ulverston to Darlington (Photographer: J. E. Wilkinson)
59. Class 5 4-6-0 No. 73137 with Caprotti valve gear leaving St. Pancras for Leicester in 1958
60. Class 5 4-6-0 No. 73106 nearing Slochd summiten route to Inverness with a five-carriage train on a sunny day in September 1957 (Photographer: W. J. Anderson)
61. Class 2 2-6-2T No. 84024 leaving the Portsmouth main line at Peasmarsh Junction with the 18:34 Guildford-Cranleigh train in June 1961 (Photographer: R. S. Greenwood)
62. Class 2 2-6-0 No. 78054 leaving Grantown-on-Spey with the two-carriage afternoon train from Craigellachie to Boat-of-Garten, in September 1957 (Photographer: W. J. Anderson)
63. Class 2 2-6-0 No. 78009 bound for Leamington Spa soon after departure from Stratford-upon-Avon with a morning local in 1953 (Photographer: T. E. Williams)
64. Class 4 2-6-4T No. 80003, looking quite weathered, departing Glasgow Central in 1955 with an Uplawmoor suburban train (Photographer: N. Faulkner)
65. Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75002 passing Thingley Junction, Chippenham, in August 1951, running in on a morning Swindon-Bristol train (Photographer: G. J. Jefferson)
66. Close-up b&w photograph of canvas draught for B.R. tender engines
67. Close-up b&w photograph of a Class 7 replacement spring hanger bracket, supporting the bottom edge of the main frame in the locality of the welded-in horn guides
68. Crack in a Class 7 main frame (left) with a temporary repair (right)

 

Standard Steam Locomotive Classes

Steam Locomotives of the "Big Four"

BR Standard Classes

Crewe Railway Works

Swindon Works

LMS, GWR, Southern & the LNER
 

 



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