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Books to look out for:
[in alphabetical order, dated to earliest edition. Each listing includes later editions and printings]
1971. Jubilees of the LMS by John F. Clay
1989. The Power of the Black Fives by J. S. Whiteley and G. W. Morrison
1970. Royal Scots of the LMS by E. S. Cox, John Powell, W.A. Tuplin and P. G. Johnson

On Amazon:
Clay, John F. 'Jubilees of the LMS', published in 1971 in Great Britain by Ian Allan in hardback with dustjacket, 112pp, ISBN 071100188x. Condition: good, well looked after but with a few biro notes made on page 112. Price: £4.75, not including post and packing, which is Amazon UK's standard charge (currently £2.80 for UK buyers, more for overseas customers)
1971, Ian Allan, hbk
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  • Jubilees of the LMS [top]
    Written by John F. Clay
    First published in 1971 in Great Britain by Ian Allan in hardback with dustjacket, 112pp, ISBN 071100188x
    Jacket photograph by Eric Treacy; jacket design by Ian Allan Studio

About this book: The Jubilees were a class of locomotive which had a varied and interesting history. At times they were the cause of much disappointment, yet they also had their moments of glory and high drama. This book is intended to be a factual account with no special pleading or glossing-over of shortcomings, but giving fair appreciation of the more notable achievements such as the remarkable series of test runs made in October 1937 by the engine No.5660 Rooke. Some little known facts are here published for the first time, whilst some well-known happenings are given a new interpretation. Special care has been taken with the choice of photographs

Contents:
Preface
1. The Ancestry of the Jubilees
2. The Troubled Early Years of the LMS
3. The Patriots Set a High Standard
4. The first Jubilee
5. A Disappointing Start
6. Some Significant Test Running
7. Improved Daily Running
8. A Rough War
9. A Slow Recovery
10. The Zenith of Postwar Achievement
11. The Declining Years
12. A Jubilee Miscellany
Appendices: A. Engine Summary; B. Bibliography

Photographs included (all black and white unless otherwise indicated)
1. The Bristol - Birmingham main line with No. 45564 New South Wales making a vigorous start from Gloucester Eastgate with a northbound train on Sunday June 17, 1962 (source: M. Pope)
2. The Ancestry of the Jubilees:
a) Top photograph. GWR Star Class 4-6-0 Morning Star at Nottingham Victoria on a special in September 1937 (source: T. G. Hepburn)
b) Middle photograph. Former LNWR 4-6-0 Claughton No. 5913 Colonel Lockwood at Willesden (T. G. Hepburn)
c) Bottom photograph. Claughton No. 6023 Sir Charles Cust, rebuilt with enlarged boiler and Caprotti valves at Crewe (T. G. Hepburn)
3. The Patriots:
a) Top. Rebuilt Claughton with large boiler and three cylinders, later to be known as the Patriot class. This engine has the original Claughton wheel centres and no deflector plates. Photographed at Nottingham in 1931 (T. G. Hepburn)
b) Bottom. Storming towards the camera is No. 5933 of the "Baby Scot" class, later to be known as the Patriots, near Edwalton with the up "Thames-Forth Express" in 1934 (T. G. Hepburn)
4. The First Jubilees:
a) Top. Official photograph of the original No. 5552, later 5642, with narrow high-sided tender. This tender entered regular service with No. 5607 (British Railways)
b) Middle. No. 5616 with original domeless boiler and unlined narrow high-sided tender. Photographed at Derby (T. G. Hepburn)
c) No. 5557 at Crewe with wide Stanier tender and shortened chimney (T. G. Hepburn)
5. Some Early Duties on the LNWR Main Line:
a) Top. The up "Lakes Express" passing Bushey on August 10th, 1935 headed by No. 5553 with a small tender, and 5605 with a large tender (E. R. Wethersett)
b) Bottom. No. 5652 on a down Euston-Leicester excursion train, via Northampton and Market Harborough, near Carpenders Park (E. R. Wethersett)
6. Silver Jubilee:
a) Top. No. 5552 Silver Jubilee in special livery at Nottingham Midland during its tour of the system in 1935 (T. G. Hepburn)
b) Bottom. Silver Jubilee heading the up "Thames-Forth Express" near Edwalton. The high finish of the chromium plated steam pipe has caused "flaring", the same problem faced earlier photographers of the Johnson singles with their polished brasswork (T. G. Hepburn)
7. Tests and Modifications:
a) Top. No. 5643 at Kentish Town shed during indicating trials (T. G. Hepburn)
b) Middle. No. 5684 Jutland as fitted with Kylchap double blastpipe and chimney 1936-8 (British Railways)
c) Bottom. No. 5553 standing pilot at Rugby. This engine has been fitted with a domed boiler and shorter chimney and has a tender originally intended for a Patriot class engine (T. G. Hepburn)
8. Double Heading on the LNWR, full page plate, No. 5705 Seahorse assisting Royal Scot No. 6142 on the down 10.30am Liverpool express near Bushey (E. R. Wethersett)
9. The Stranraer Road, full page plate: No. 45711 Courageous passing Monkton with the 4.20pm Stranraer to Glasgow train in September 1954 (W. J. V. Anderson)
10. Some Dull and Dirty Jubilees
a) Top. No. 45739 in wartime black photographed at Kingmoor. Note that the figure 4 has been added in smaller lettering on the number (T. G. Hepburn)
b) Middle. No. 45634 Trinidad bathed in sunshine at Crewe North shed in 1952, still in LMS livery (J. F. Clay)
c) No. 45597 Barbados on an up Sheffield express near Aylestone Junction in 1951. The engine is fitted with a parallel sided BR pattern chimney and has a Royal Scot tender. It was too dirty to identify its intended livery (J. F. Clay)
11. Some Jubilee Liveries
a) Top. No. 45565 Victoria speeding towards the camera in special light green experimental livery heading a St. Pancras - Leeds express with coaches in "Plum and spilt milk", past Upper Broughton (T. G. Hepburn)
b) Middle. No. 45700 Amethyst in LNWR style livery (British Railways)
c) Bottom. No. 45682 Trafalgar in GWR type Brunswick Green finally chosen as the livery for BR express engines. The loco was photographed at Crewe North (T. G. Hepburn)
12. Climbing Beattock Bank - full page plate - Jubilee No. 45738 Samson is seen here climbing Beattock Bank with a heavy northbound train in August 1963 (W. J. V. Anderson)
13. The Bristol - Birmingham Main Line, full page plate, No. 45663 Jervis in a very rural setting with an early morning Bristol - Bradford express near Westerleigh in June 1953 (G. F. Heiron)
Over the page:
a) Top. No. 45679 Armada emerges from the steam, smoke and mists near Knighton Tunnel with the down "Palatine" in October 1957 (J. F. Clay)
b) No. 45606 Falkland Islands at Euston Station as pilot to a Royal Scot on the up "Ulster Express" in August 1957 (J. F. Clay)
c) No. 45624 St. Helena heads the up "Mancunian" express south of Rugby on the former LNWR line (T. G. Hepburn)
14. Some Named Expresses:
a) Top. A wonderful view of Class 2 4-4-0 No. 40504 piloting Jubilee No. 45667 Jellicoe across Harringworth viaduct with the down "Waverley" (J. F. Clay)
b) Bottom. A double-header delight of No.s 45691 Orion and No. 45573 Newfoundland passing Gargrave with the down "Waverley" (Eric Treacy)
15. The North Wales Line, full page plate, No. 45690 Leander leaving Chester General with a Liverpool - Llandudno excursion on Sunday August 12, 1962 (D. Cross)
16. The Lancashire and Yorkshire Main Line
a) Top. No. 45698 Mars with small tender leaving Sowerby Bridge with a Liverpool - Newcastle train; photograph taken from overhead (Eric Treacy)
b) Bottom. No. 45698 Mars at Manchester Victoria with a train from York; photograph probably taken from a footbridge given the angle (J. R. Carter)
17. Double Chimneys
a) Top. No. 45742 Connaught on an up Birmingham 2 hour express near Watford (British Railways)
b) No. 45596 Bahamas on a down fitted freight near Shap Summit (T. G. Hepburn)
18. The Final Years
a) Top. No. 45565 Victoria at Nottingham Victoria after working a special on August 8, 1965 (H. A. Gamble)
b) Middle. The rebuilt Jubilee No. 45735 Comet, unofficially renamed "Mick" on an up semi-fast from Nottingham to Marylebone at Leicester GC in April 1964 (T. G. Hepburn)
c) Bottom. Elevated shot of No. 45735 heading south out of Leicester Central across the viaduct with an up semi-fast for Marylebone (C. P. Walker)
19. One Of Their Last Main Duties, full page plate, No. 45593 Kolhapur near Dent with the 10.17am Leeds-Glasgow on July 29, 1967. An 8F with a southbound freight can be seen in the background about to cross Arten Gill viaduct (Paul Riley)
20. A Class 7 Rebuild
a) Full page, No. 45735 Comet, shown here rebuilt with a larger boiler, leaving Eccles with a Manchester to Barrow train in June 1959 (W. Cooper)
Over the page:
a) Top. No. 45739 Ultster on return party special from Coventry to Bradford and seen here stopped at Measham signalbox for the exchange of the token on July 15, 1963 (G. Morgan)
b) Middle. A remarkable picture of No. 45552 covered in frost whilst in store in the great frost of 1963 (D. Wignall)
c) Bottom. No. 45675 Hardy and an Austerity 2-8-0 on a Heysham - Leeds oil train at Giggleswick on May 20, 1967 (S. James)
21. A Jubilee Miscellany
a) Top. No. 45593 entering Appleby with the 10.17am Leeds-Glasgow express on July 15, 1967 (T. G. Hepburn)
b) Middle. No. 45662 Kempenfelt passing Southampton Central with the 14.20 Fawley - Bromford Bridge oil train on September 21st 1961 (J. C. Haydon)
c) Bottom. A Jubilee on the Met! No. 45709 Impacable at Amersham with the Centenary Special from Aylesbury on May 26, 1961 (E. J. S. Gadsen)
22. Jubilees in Preservation (interestingly when this was published, Leander was still languishing in the scrapyard...)
a) Top. No. 5593 Kolhapur preserved by Clun Castle Ltd at its new home in Tyseley, Birmingham (Ivo Peters)
b) Bottom. No. 5596 Bahamas at Stockport Edgeley MPD before transfer to Dinting for preservation by Bahamas Locomotive Society (Brian Stephenson)



Other books about the Jubilee class of locomotives


LMS Jubilees


LMS Steam:



Whiteley, J. S.; and Morrison, G. W. 'The Power of the Black Fives', published in 1989 (reprint) by OPC, the Oxford Publishing Company in hardback with dustjacket, 144pp, ISBN 0860932389. Condition: Very good with a touch of wrinkling to the top edge of the dustjacket. Price: £7.20, not including post and packing (which is Amazon UK's standard charge of £2.80 for UK buyers, more for overseas customers)
1989, OPC, hbk
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  • The Power of the Black Fives [top]
    Written by J. S. Whiteley and G. W. Morrison
    First published in 1988 in Great Britain by OPC, Oxford Publishing Company in hardback with dustjacket, 144pp, ISBN 0860932389

    Front cover: No. 44744, fitted with Caprotti valve gear, leaves Halifax with an afternoon Leeds-Liverpool working on the Calder Valley line, 6th July 1961
    Back cover, top: Preserved 'Black Five', No. 5305 passes Wortley Junction, Leeds en route to Harrogate on 17th June 1979
    Back cover, bottom: No. 44857 leaves Bradford Forster Square with an afternoon train for Morecambe and Heysham in Summer 1964

About this book: The Class 5 mixed traffic engines of the London, Midland & Scottish Railway are probably one of the best known types of steam locomotive of all time. Constructed between 1934 and 1951, the final total was no less than 842 locomotives

Designed by Sir William Stanier, they were always popular with locomotive crews and were very much 'maids of all work'. They could be seen in operation, at some time or other, on practically all parts of the national rail network.

Some numbers of the class remained in traffic to become the very last steam locomotives to be withdrawn in 1968 at the cessation of steam haulage on British Railways. Consequently, a number survived to be acquired for private preservation, and today, no less than 18 examples still exist. Several of these have been restored to working order and are frequently seen in action again on both the main line and tourist steam railways.

Illustrations (black and white photos unless stated otherwise. Source of photo given in brackets):
Title Page: A dramatic picture taken from an adjacent train of a Black Five at speed on the West Coast Main line near Cheddington (source: M. Welch)
Frontispiece: Unique Stephenson Link Motion No. 44767 (then allocated to Carlisle Kingmoor) alongside 44916 inside one of the roundhouses of Holbeck depot at Leeds on 15th June, 1967. 44916 was allocated to Stockport Edgeley (Gavin Morrison)
p4. Left hand side of No. 5055, one of the first batch of 50 locomotives built by Vulcan Foundry in 1934 and 1935 Nos 5020-5069, No. 5055, seen here in original condition, fitted with a vertical throatplate, domeless 3B boiler with 14 element superheater and two rows of 5 1/8 in flues (source: F. G. Carrier)
p5. No. 45020 heading the 13.55 Bletchley to Euston semi-fast 6-coach service through Watford Cutting on 9th August, 1952 (Brian Morrison)
p6. No. 5040 travelling head on towards the camera at work on a Nottingham to Derby train at Sheet Stores Junction, Trent. By 4th June, 1938, when this photograph was taken, the original domeless boiler had been rebuilt with a dome (J. P. Wilson)
p7. Top. Left hand side of No. 5038 on a slow train in 1938 on the way from Euston to Northampton. (C. R. L. Coles)
p7. Middle. Right hand side of No. 5036, photographed on 2nd July 1939 alongside the coaling stage at Sheffield Millhouses shed. The locomotive carries the short-lived 1936 style of sans serif numbering and lettering
p7. Bottom. No. 45020 together with No. 44829, at Rugby prior to working the Royal Train in April 1951 (J. B. C. McCann)
p8, top. Front and left hand side of No. 5000 in unlined black livery at Carlisle Kingmoor shed, 27th August 1967 (R. H. Leslie)
p8, bottom. Front and front left hand side of No. 45017, one of the first built by Crewe, in the early hours of 4th August 1968 at Lostock Hall shed (Gavin Morrison)
p9, top. No. 45095 heading a Leeds to Manchester local train on 23rd May, 1959, seen here at Springwood Junction between the tunnels (Gavin Morrison)
p9, bottom. No. 45075 seen from the right hand side on 24th May, 1964 at Farnley Junction in unlined black livery (Gavin Morrison)
p10, top. The front and left hand side of No. 45082 on 24th August 1955 at Newton Heath with a domeless boiler and the later type of feed casing instead of the more usual dome-shaped version (Brian Morrison)
p10, bottom. No. 45082 showing the front and right hand side, passing over the water troughs at Floriston on 2nd March, 1958 with a train of empty wagons. It now has an Ivatt domed type boiler fitted with top feed nearer the chimney (R. H. Leslie)
p11, top. No. 45126 (front and right hand view) at Leeds Junction, Shipley on an 'up' summer Saturday heading towards Leeds. Date unknown (Gavin Morrison)
p11, bottom. No. 45212, an Armstrong Whitworth engine from the first batch of 1935, here seen climbing Shap Bank assisted by BR Standard Class 4. No. 75032 with a returning Glasgow Fair special from Blackpool on 25th September 1967 (Gavin Morrison)
p12, top. 45291 heading an 'up' freight from Carlisle to Skipton showing the front and right side of the engine as it approaches Cumwhinton on the Settle and Carlisle line, on 15th February 1964. This engine is from the 2nd batch of engines built by Armstrong Whitworth
p12, bottom. No. 45254 heading away from the camera heading a heavy 'up' freight over the Settle and Carlisle line on 30th April 1966 (John Whiteley)
p13, top. No. 45324 heads towards the camera working hard to pull its train up the steep curve from Whitehall Junction, Leeds to the straight section by the ex-LNWR yards at Copley Hill. In the background can be seen the now demolished Holbeck High Level Station on the ex-Great Northern line to Leeds Central. The train is a summer Saturday only, the 13.57 from Leeds to Llandudno photographed on 17th June, 1967 (Gavin Morrison)
p13, bottom. Close up view of the front and left hand side of 45254 stationary at Carlisle heading the 9.25 am Crewe-Perth and Aberdeen (John Whiteley)
p14, top. No. 45452 (a sloping throatplate, domed boiler engine) seen at Carstairs on 12th August 1960 backing the Edinburgh portion of an 'up' Manchester train onto the Glasgow coaches. Note the light background on the smokebox door numberplate, due to certain Scottish depots painting them either red or blue (Gavin Morrison)
p14, bottom. Working hard up Shap Summit near Thrimby Grange is No. 45455 on 4th February 1967 as it heads an 'up' heavy freight (Gavin Morrison)
p15, top. No. 45473 fitted with a tablet catcher pulling out of sidings opposite Carlisle Kingmoor depot with a northbound freight on 14th August 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p15, middle. No. 45486 passes Thwaites Junction between Keighley and Bingley with an 'up' relief to the "Thames-Clyde Express" on 25th June 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p15, bottom. No. 45485 is helped up Beattock bank by a 2-6-4T on 23rd April 1962. This picture was taken just below Greskine about half way up the climb (John Whiteley)
p16, top. No. 44902 climbs Greenholme on the climb to Shap Summit with a returning Blackpool to Glasgow special (Gavin Morrison)
p16, bottom. No. 44820 is seen here making a vigorous start away from Stirling with an 'up' fish train on 21st April 1965 (John Whiteley)
p17, top. No. 44940 passes Farnley Junction depot at Leeds with a morning trans-Pennine express on 26th August, 1967. 44940 was at this point allocated to Stockport Edgeley Depot (Gavin Morrison)
p17, bottom. No. 44937 obviously recently ex-works in unlined black livery, is captured here passing Upperby shed at Carlisle with the 4.30pm working to Preston on 20th September 1964 (R. H. Leslie)
p18, top. No. 44993 pulling the C424 is seen here climbing Beattock bank past Greskine. It has one of the Ivatt version boilers with top feed moved near the chimney in this picture taken on 4th June, 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p18, bottom. No. 44992 captured fresh out of St. Rollox works after overhaul and shown here at Balornock depot at Glasgow on 12th August, 1960 during a running-in period (Gavin Morrison)
p19, top. Agecroft Black 5 No. 44782 heads the C242 York to Liverpool Transpennine express via the Calder Valley Route out of York station on 14th June, 1958 (Gavin Morrison)
p19, bottom. No. 44769 passes Eden Valley Junction on the southbound climb to Shap on 28th April 1956 (R. H. Leslie)
p20, No. 44790 is pictured here making a vigorous climb piloting 'Crab' No. 42867 over the arches on the ex-LNWR line out of Leeds to Manchester, with the Heaton to Red Bank, Manchester empty newspaper van train on 25th April 1964 (John Whiteley)
p21. Aberdeen Ferryhill locomotive No. 44794 leaves Gleneagles with the 'up' "Grampian" express on 28th May 1966. It was probably deputising for a Gresley A4 Pacific (John Whiteley)
p22. On 1st June, 1950, No. 44765 visited the Rugby Testing Station for tests to provide data on pressures and vacuum measurements. It was fitted with a single chimney for those tests which it is sporting here (having been built originally with a double chimney and exhausts) (J. M. Jarvis)
p22, middle. No. 44765 is seen in lined black livery in 1955 here at Crewe. The double chimney black fives suffered from drifting exhaust which obscured the driver's view on occasions.
p22, bottom. The 9.25 am Crewe-Carlisle parcels here is headed by No. 44765 and banked by 2-6-4T No. 42154 and it catches the morning sun in a very beautiful atmospheric picture as it approaches Shap Summit on 25th August 1966 (M. Welch)
No. 44767
p22, top. No. 4767 (later No. 44767) was unique among the 842 Black Fives because it was constructed with outside Stephenson link motion, Timken roller bearings and double chimney, as well as electric lighting. Built in December 1947, it survived in traffic until December 1967 and is preserved. This picture shows a close-up of the motion (Gavin Morrison)
p22, bottom. 44767 was a regular performer on the Trans-Pennine expresses via the Calder Valley for many years whilst allocated to Bank Hall Depot, Liverpool. In this picture, it is seen leaving Halifax Town for Liverpool on 15th July 1959. The double chimney had been removed in 1953 (Gavin Morrison)
p23, top. No. 44767 here is seen working the 16.20 Leeds, Hunslet to Carnforth Freight on 19th September 1967 and is passing through Wortley Junction on this picture (because in its last few years, it was allocated to Carlisle Kingmoor and was therefore often on duty in the West Riding of Yorkshire (Gavin Morrison)
p23, middle. 44767 prepares to leave with the 19.40 freight to Carlisle (Gavin Morrison)
p23, bottom. During 1967, the 12.50 Hunslett to Carlisle was a fairly common working for 44767. On June 14th, 1967, it was working the train north and is seen here about to enter Newlay Cutting near Leeds (Gavin Morrison)
p24, top. Left hand side and front view of M4748, the first of the Caprotti gear locomotives, which emerged from Crewe in February 1948, her depicted at Derby on 20th March. It was fitted with Timken roller bearings throughout (J. M. Jarvis)
p24, bottom. Close up view of the Caprotti valve gear (C. R. L. Coles)
p25, top. No. 44750 is seen reaching the top of Moss Bank near Macclesfield with an 'up' Manchester-Euston express, in August 1954 (M. Welch)
p25, bottom. No. 44751 in terrible external condition heading the 4.15pm Leeds-Sheffield all stations past Holbeck motive power depot on 4th June, 1963
p26, top left. Front of 44756, a double-chimney Black Five (Gavin Morrison)
p26, top right. A close-up view of the Caprotti valve gear on No. 44756 when it was on Kentish Town depot on 19th December 1954 (Brian Morrison)
p26, bottom. No. 44756 in its original livery on Derby shed on 18th May 1952. Note the electric lights still fitted to this locomotive, although they were removed later in 1952
p27, top. No. 44756 is pictured near Cotehill climbing the 1 in 132 gradient with an 'up' freight from Carlisle-Leeds on 1st June 1957 (R. H. Leslie)
p27, bottom. A front and right hand side view of No. 44757 sporting its Holbeck 20A shed plate on Crewe North depot, 20th August 1955 (Brian Morrison)
p28, top. No. 44740 in original livery at Camden depot on 5th July 1949 with the 7a shed plate for Llandudno Junction, to which the ten Caprotti Black Fives were allocated when new (J. P. Wilson)
p28, bottom. Some of the Bristol Barrow Road Black Fives (the Caprotti Black Fives) were transferred away to Bank Hall depot, Liverpool to work the Trans-Pennine expresses over the old Lancashire-Yorkshire route to Leeds and Bradford. Here No. 44743 is on such a working approaching the eastern entrance to Summit Tunnel with a Liverpool train on 11th June 1961 (Gavin Morrison)
p29, top. After the end of 1948, construction at Crewe reverted to the more conventional design which was No. 44728, seen here piloting No. 44895 on 12th May 164 past Mirfield depot on the Heaton to Red Bank, Manchester empty van train. Often loaded to 23 vans, it was always double-headed across the Pennines as well as on the East Coast Main Line (Gavin Morrison)
p29, bottom. In the delightful setting of the Lune Gorge, No. 44733 heads an 'up' express freight on 18th August 1962 (Gavin Morrison)
p30, top. No. 44726 shares the roundhouse at Holbeck Depot, Leeds with 'Jubilee' No. 45631 Tanganyika on 29th August 1963 (Gavin Morrison)
p30, bottom. Perth based No. 44722 climbs towards Gleneagles with an 'up' fish train on 21st August 1964 (John Whiteley)
p31, top. The north end of Perth Station sees No. 44703 ready to leave on a Glasgow-Aberdeen express on 13th August, 1965
p31, bottom. The left hand side of No. 44713 is seen looking from the cab forwards along the engine in this picture at Rose Grove in 1968 (Hugh Ballantyne)
p32, top. Shows Lancaster-based No. 44667 of the 1949 Crewe batch of Black Fives stuck in the soft earth after it failed to stop in the 'up' loop just north of Bingley Station. It is seen here on January 29th, 1966 awaiting rescue (Gavin Morrison)
p32, middle. A Low Moor Black Five, No. 44662 is seen here on a returning Blackpool-Glasgow fair special on 25th September, 1967. Standard 4MT is providing the assistance from the rear of the train up Shap Bank near Scout Green (Gavin Morrison)
p32, bottom. No. 44658 is pictured here taking water at Hellifield Station prior to tackling the climb to Blea Moor over the Settle and Carlisle line, which was something locomotives on 'down' freights would commonly do (Gavin Morrison)
p33, top. No. 44671 thunders along with a northbound goods on 14th November, 1954 near Rockcliffe. No. 44671 was part of a batch of locomotives (44668-44677) fitted with Shefko roller bearings on the driving axles only (R. H. Leslie)
p33, bottom. No. 44668 at Polmadie, Glasgow on a southbound freight on 27th June, 1957 (Brian Morrison)
p34, top. No. 44680 (Shefko bearings) is seen heading north with a freight train on the curve approaching Low Gill on 18th August, 1962
p34, middle. 44682 in dirty condition takes the 10.45 am Leeds City-Morecambe train and here is approaching Leeds Junction at Shipley on 20th June, 1962
p34, bottom. When through services ended from Birkenhead to Paddington, specials were put on to mark the occasion and here 44680 is seen heading past Hooton at the head of one such special on 5th March, 1967 (Gavin Morrison)
p35. In a serene picture full of light and detail, No. 44695 rests at its home depot of Low Moor, Bradford on 4th October 1963 (Gavin Morrison)
p35, bottom. No. 44694 here is pictured tackling the 1 in 50 gradient from Bradford Exchange to St. Dunstans in fine style on the 08.20 to Skegness on 1st July 1967. 44694 is part of the batch of locomotives (44688 to 44697) fitted with Timken roller bearings on the driving axle only (Gavin Morrison)
p36, top. 44687 climbs up the bank from Huddersfield to Marsden near Longwood, in the late evening of 24th May 1959 with a Leeds to Liverpool Express (Gavin Morrison)
p36, bottom. The last two Black Fives built had every modification applied to them that other Black Fives had had, i.e. Caprotti Valve Gear, Skefko bearings, double blast pipe and chimney and high running plate. Here one of those two locomotives, No. 44686 pilots rebuilt Patriot No. 45540 Sir Robert Turnbull up Moss Rose Bank, Macclesfield, with the 10.00 am Manchester, London Road to Euston 16-coach train on 30th March, 1959 (M. Welch)
p37, top. Stored in the winter months at Llandudno depot is No. 44686, shown here at the front of a line of locomotives, mainly Stanier 2-6-2Ts and a solitary Lancashire & Yorkshire 0-6-0 (Gavin Morrison)
p37, bottom. No. 44686 in clean condition enters Stoke station on an express to North Wales from the Potteries (M. Welch)
Liveries
p38, top. The original batch of 50 delivered by Vulcan Foundry were painted in LMS traffic livery. No. 5055 can be seen here in this livery and with tall chimney at Harpenden on 16th June, 1936 with an 'up' semi-fast (J. M. Jarvis)
p38, middle. No. 5313 at Rugby Shed on 24th July, 1937 painted in the 1936 livery of Sans Serif Style with 14 inch high letters and 11 inch high numbers (J. M. Jarvis)
p38, bottom. After the 2nd World War, the LMS Black Five livery continued as unlined black with numbers high on the cab side. No. 5059 was photographed on Nottingham shed on 22nd August, 1948 (J. P. Wilson)
p39, top. In the 1946 livery of plain black with lined straw numerals stands No. 4771 at Derby shed on 22nd May 1948. This livery coincided with the Ivatt era on the LMS (J. P. Wilson)
p39, middle. The first livery for he Black Fives in BR ownership was plain black with 'M' above or below the LMS number, with 'British Railways' on the tender. No. 4752M is in the Rugby Testing Station yard on 9th February 1949 (J. M. Jarvis)
p39, bottom. In 1948, three Black Fives were given experimental green liveries and No. 44763 seen here in this photograph at Rugby got the LNER green
p40, top. No. 45208 emerges from Sherwood Rise Tunnel near New Basford on a 'down' Bournemouth to Newcastle express on 3rd September 1949 (J. P. Wilson)
p40, bottom. Right-hand side view of No. 44896 on Farnley Junction, Leeds, painted in lined black livery with the lion and wheel emblem on the tender. The photograph was taken on 20th June 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p41, top. No. 44906 on Upperby Shed, Carlisle on 22nd May 1961 after a full repaint at Crewe, showing the right hand side of the engine. The BR tender emblem here is much smaller than the preceding Cycling Lion design (Gavin Morrison)
p41, middle. Right hand side and front view of No. 45394 at Holbeck Depot, Leeds on 3rd April 1965 with Lancaster (Green Ayre) clearly visible on the buffer beam. This was due to its overhaul at St. Rollox works, Glasgow, which typically gave locomotives larger numbers and painted the locomotive's depot number on the buffer beam during overhaul (Gavin Morrison)
p41, bottom. Shows No. 45428 in unlined black livery, something that Black Fives started reverting to in 1963 when most overhauls were being done at Crewe. It is seen here on 30th September 1967 at Holbeck Depot (Gavin Morrison)
Test and Trials
p42, top. No. 45218 at full pelt on the Rugby Locomotive testing rollers on 13th January 1950 (J. M. Jarvis)
p42, middle. No. 45218 fresh from overhaul at Crewe Works on 21st December 1949. This picture was taken prior to its visit to the Rugby Testing Plant (J. M. Jarvis)
p42, bottom. This picture shows one of the coal weighing tenders behind No. 44697, which was allocated to Newton Heath. There were four coal weighing tenders in total and 44697 and it's tender are pictured here at Farnley Junction shed, Leeds on 16th May, 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p43, top. Sheffield Millhouses selected No. 44986 to be fitted with one of the self-weighing tenders and it can be seen heading at the front of an 'up' express past Dore & Totley on 11th May 1952 (J. B. C. McCann)
p43, middle. No. 44677 of Balornock depot was selected by the Scottish Region as the locomotive to receive the special tender. In this picture, the locomotive is seen passing Etterby Junction with an 'up' express on 9th August 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p43, bottom. No. 44971 heads an 'up' freight past Plumpton on 28th May 1955 (R. H. Leslie)
p44, top. At 8am on 4th June 1965, No. 45081 enters the cutting at Shap Summit with a northbound parcels train (M. Welch)
p44, bottom. No. 44697 approaches Thornhill on 15th October 1962 with an empty stock train, which interestingly includes a twin Metro-Cammell diesel unit (John Whiteley)
p45, top. A historic photo of NO. 45253 with the fitters and other interested parties posing in front of it for the photo at Kentish Town. The London Midland authorities had chosen this engine to prove its worth in the 1948 locomotive exchanges (C. R. L. Coles)
p45, middle. No. 45253 working a Marylebone to Manchester express near Northwood (C. R. L. Coles)
p45, bottom. No. 45253 during the 1948 trials, here near New Basford on the a 'down' Manchester express, 9th June 1948 (J. P. Wilson)
The Midland Main Line
p46, top. A photo taken at 1.25pm at St. Pancras at some point in 1959. No. 45267 of Bedford shed stands alongside Jubilee No. 45712 Victory waiting to back out to Kentish Town Shed (M. Welch)
p46, bottom. No. 45253 prepares to leave St. Pancras on the 18.45 express to Leicester on the 26th June, 1954 (C. R. L. Coles)
p47, top. No. 4984 is photographed here in LMS livery near Plumtree on an 'up' Manchester to St. Pancras express on 14th October, 1948 (J. P. Wilson)
p47, bottom. No. 44984 is still hard at work in this picture on express duties on the Midland Main Line, this time heading an 'up' Derby-St. Pancras express near Radlett on 26th June 1952 (C. R. L. Coles)
p48, top. Two black fives approach Flitwick at speed with an 'up' express in 1959. The leading locomotive is No. 44663 (M. Welch)
p48, bottom. No. 44861 of Nottingham depot is shown here leaving Bedford in 1959 with a 'down' express (M. Welch)
p49, top. An 'up' express headed by two Black Fives with No. 44893 in the lead passes Elstow signal box in 1959 (M. Welch)
p49, bottom. Another close up and stationary shot of No. 45253 still on Midland Main Line duties, but by 1963 allocated to Leicester where it is seen at the Midland Station heading service 1C54 (M. Welch)
p50, top. This picture shows No. 5052 on 1st June, 1935 with the taller type of chimney at the Nottingham Midland station. At this time, it was only 7 months old and fitted with a domeless boiler (J. P. Wilson)
p50, bottom. Even after the introduction of Black Fives and Jubilees, double-heading remained common on the Midland Main Line before and after the war. This picture shows 4-4-0 2P No. 364 piloting No. 5279 on a 'down' Manchester express near Trent Junction on 6th August, 1938 (J. P. Wilson)
p51, top. No. 44944 heads towards the camera on an 'up' Nottingham - St. Pancras express and is here approaching Harlington (M. Welch)
p51, bottom. No. 44981 stands ready to leave on an 'up' semi-fast at a sunny Derby Midland station on 24th July, 1955; with a Fowler 2-6-4T in the adjacent platform on shunting duties (Brian Morrison)
p52, top. Passing a superb collection of Midland signals at Trent Station North Junction on 14th April, 1952, is No. 45273 (J. P. Wilson) heading the M750 service. The Trent Station North signal box is clearly visible on the left hand side of the picture
p52, middle. A 'down' Leeds express passes Henton in Nottinghamshire headed by No. 44775 on 22nd August 1952 (J. P. Wilson)
p52, bottom. Below - Holbeck Black Five No. 44828 passes Edwalton on an 'up' express on 2nd October 1948 (J. P. Wilson)
The LNWR Main Line from Euston
p53, top. Caprotti poppet valve gear No. 44741 is pictured leaving Euston platform 5 with a lunch-time stopping train to Bletchley (M. Welch)
p53, middle. No. 44773 and an unidentified Royal Scot enter Euston at the head of the 'up' "Merseyside Express", which originated in Liverpool (M. Welch)
p53, bottom. Steam from Willesden depot was still performing the empty stock duties out of Euston by the time of this photograph on 5th May, 1965, when No. 44833 can be seen leaving the station for the carriage sidings with the stock of the "Royal Scot" on the left and a class 20 diesel on the right (M. Welch)
p54, top. A brand new (or nearly!) No. 5434 on Camden shed in 1937 (C. R. L. Coles)
p54, bottom. Two Black Fives, No.s 44758 and 45252 stand on Platforms 6 and 7 at Euston waiting to leave the station with evening rush-hour trains (M. Welch)
p55, top. Camden depot was usually the source of the steam locomotives for express passenger duties out of Euston, whilst Willesden covered the other duties. Willesden had quite a few Black Fives and one of them, No. 45069 is seen here at the depot on 20th March, 1955 (Brian Morrison)
p55, bottom. A nice evening shot of the front and a partial view of the right hand side of No. 45056 as it is being prepared at Willesden depot prior to working north with a night freight on 10th June, 1964 (M. Welch)
p56, top. A Euston-Birmingham express bursts from Northchurch Tunnel on 3rd August, 1967, led by Bushbury Black Five No. 45249, on service W 78 (C. R. L. Coles)
p56, bottom. On 1st June, 1951, a nine-carriage 'up' express for Euston heads past Bushey in the charge of No. 44831 (Brian Morrison)
p57, top. With not a single hi-viz jacket in sight (those were the days), this photo is fascinating showing track laying going on at Stoke Hammond south of Bletchley as No. 44831 charges past with the W706 service, an 'up' express on 27th May, 1956 (M. Welch)
p57, bottom. Carlisle, Upperby-based No. 4905 pulls a 'down' Scotch goods near King's Langley in 1947 (C. R. L. Coles)
p58, top. In the small hours of 8th September, 1959, No. 45025 pauses at Bletchley with an 'up' freight. 45025 was preserved. (J. D. Edwards)
p58, bottom. No. 44960 emerges from Kilsby Tunnel at the head of the W603 service on 26th May, 1953 (J. P. Wilson)
p59, top. No. 45375 storms out of Rugby with an 'up' freight some time in the 1950s (J. B. C. McCann)
p59, bottom. Two Black Fives head in the same direction - the 13.20 from Rugby was a Llandudno to Euston train, seen on the right foreground of this picture whilst in the left background running empty is No. 45404 (J. B. C. McCann)
p60, top. No. 45282 from depot Crewe North passes Stafford at the head of a 'down' freight on 7th August, 1956 (Brian Morrison)
p60, bottom. No. 44916 makes a vigorous departure from Stafford at the head of the 11.35am Blackpool - Birmingham service on 11th August, 1958 (Brian Morrison)
p61, top. Longsight's Caprotti-fitted No. 44748 arrives into the north end of Crewe Station heading a Manchester-West of England express on the left of the picture, whilst rebuilt Royal Scot No. 46132 The King's Regiment Liverpool arrives with a Liverpool - West of England train in the mid 1950s (M. Welch)
p61, bottom. No. 45237 passes through Crewe with a southbound freight for the Potteries, whilst Ivatt 2-6-2T No. 41241 sits in Crewe station at the head of a local service to Wellington on 2nd August, 1963 (M. Welch)
p62, top. A special (IP31) from Blackpool powers South from Crewe Station headed by No. 45180 on 23rd June, 1962 (John Whiteley)
p62, middle. Shows an amazing panorama of the north end of Crewe and really highlights the complexity of the trackwork there, which was how it remained until remodelling in 1985. In this picture, No. 45446 heads north on 19th August, 1955 with a troop train (Brian Morrison)
p62, bottom. This photo shows several locos: the back of Black Five 44868 from the left hand side; the front and left hand side of 44847; and the fronts of 9F 92129 and BR Standard Class 4 2-6-4T 80080 (preserved). No. 44847 in this picture was in the yard at Crewe Works in the process of receiving a heavy general overhaul in March 1962 (E. N. Kneale)
Chester and North Wales
p63, top. No. 45438 heads past the signalbox and under the gantries heading into Chester Station on 30th May, 1964, heading the 09.10 am Paddington - Birkenhead service (John Whiteley)
p63, bottom. No. 44832 leads a diverted Liverpool - Euston express through the centre roads at Chester General on 28th March, 1965 (M. Welch)
p64, top. No. 44808 emerges from under the CLC station at Chester Northgate and heads towards Chester General with an 'up' fitted freight on 30th May, 1964 (John Whiteley)
p64, middle. No. 45311 leaves Chester General at the head of the 2.45pm Llandudno-Euston on 30th May, 1964. Carriage M9072M can be seen directly behind the engine (John Whiteley)
p64, bottom. No. 45352 can be seen here leaving Chester with the 12.00 Manchester-Holyhead on 30th May 1964. The former Great Western Depot can be seen in the background
p65, top. One of the many holiday extras leave Llandudno Junction headed by No. 45145 on 4th September, 1965 (M. Welch)
p65, bottom shows No. 45349 fresh out of overhaul at Crewe Works passing West Shore between Llandudno and Deganwy with an 'up' express for Birmingham New Street on 31st March, 1963 (Gavin Morrison)
p66, top. Passing along the coast between Conway and Penmaenmawr is No. 45093 with a 'down' van train for Holyhead (M. Welch)
p66, bottom. With the famous Holyhead Castle as a superb backdrop, No. 45343 heads a 'down' express for Holyhead over the River Conway (M. Welch)
p67, top. An unidentified member of the Black Fives heads the 1D31 along the North Wales coastline in very wet conditions on the 4th September, 1965 bound for Holyhead. The train is about a mile from Penmaenmawr Station (M. Welch)
p67, bottom. In May 1962, with a DMU on the left background of the picture standing at the platform in Bangor Station, No. 44682 overtakes No. 44916 on the centre road as it heads an 'up' cattle train from Holyhead. No. 44916 will follow shortly on the passenger train from Holyhead to Crewe (E. N. Kneale)
Shrewsbury, Welsh Borders and South Wales
p68, top. A very dirty No. 44681 is seen on a diverted 'up' Liverpool express, east of Beeston on the Chester to Crewe line on 28th March 1965 (M. Welch)
p68, bottom. Coming off Chirk Viaduct on 4th March 1967 with a 'down' Paddington to Birkenhead express is No. 45042. Some of the fastest speeds ever made with Black Fives were made on this ex-Great Western route in 1967 prior to the withdrawal of through services from Paddington. There's a small bothy with gas cylinder hooked up on the right hand side of the picture (Gavin Morrison)
p69, top. No. 45283 stands at the former LNWR station at Swansea Victoria, ready to leave on the 10.25am to Shrewsbury on 10th June, 1960. Collett-designed GWR shunting locomotive 0-6-0PT stands in steam on the right-hand side of the station at the head of a small freight train (Hugh Ballantyne)
p69, bottom. No. 45143 arrives at Swansea Bay Station with the six coach 9.50am York to Swansea Victoria service on 11th June, 1960. The picture is taken from the station footbridge (Hugh Ballantyne)
p70, top. No. 45145 stands at Craven Arms whilst working a Shrewsbury to Swansea Victoria local on 31s March, 1962 (Hugh Ballantyne)
p70, middle. No. 45422, allocated to Shrewsbury climbs the 1 in 80 gradient into Builth Road High Level with the 7.45am from Swansea Victoria to Shrewsbury on 7th June, 1960. The photo is interesting in that it appears to show members of the public standing next to the tracks and on them (Hugh Ballantyne)
p70, bottom. No. 45190 climbs out of Shrewsbury on 23rd June, 1962 with a five coach train forming the 3pm to Swansea Victoria (John Whiteley)
The Great Central
p71, top. Soon after introduction, Black Fives became a common sight on the ex-Great Central metals and were the mainstay of passenger services in the line's final years. This picture, taken at St. Marylebone Station, London, shows No. 45190 at the head of a passenger service heading out of Marylebone on 7th May, 1966 with the 16.38 to Nottingham. The overall roof of the former Great Central terminus can be seen in the background
p71, bottom. At Beaconsfield on 3rd March, 1957, is No. 45393, working wrong line whilst heading an 'up' parcels train
p72, top. A lovely photo of Charwelton signal box showing a lot of detail (foreground), whilst in the background No. 44847 charges towards the box with a non-stop having just emerged from Catesby Tunnel with an 'up' relief Nottingham Victoria to Marylebone train on 19th July, 1964 (Hugh Ballantyne)
p72, bottom. No. 44691 works hard up Whetstone Bank with cement empties from Whetstone Cement Terminal to the London area. The picture was taken in 1963 and shows the train passing over the bridge which was being constructed to take the line over the M1 motorway just south of Leicester (M. Welch)
p73, top. No. 45208 passes Weekday Cross Junction shortly after leaving Nottingham Victoria on 31st May 1949 heading a Newcastle to Bournemouth express. The headboard, which is reversed on the top lamp bracket, is probably 'The South Yorkshireman' which the locomotive would have worked earlier in the day from Bradford Exchange to Sheffield Victoria (J. P. Wilson)
p73, bottom. A real action shot taken on 28th August, 1954 of an express passenger service headed by No. 44694 bound for the West Riding seen near Oughty Bridge, between Sheffield and Penistone on the ex-Great Central line from Sheffield Victoria over Woodhead. This was taken pre-electrification of the Woodhead line - by June 1954, the wires had been energised, but it was not until September 1954 that the services were handed over to electric traction on the section between Penistone and Sheffield (the BR Class 76 locomotives. 76020 is the only remaining locomotive from that fleet, now in the care of the National Railway Museum) (J. B. C. McCann)
Between Nottingham, Sheffield and Derby
p74, top. A summer's day on the banks of the River Trent on 3rd August, 1953. No. 45277 is crossing the Trent with an 'up' service to Edinburgh. The bridge is now a road bridge (J. P. Wilson)
p74, bottom. No. 45208 leaves Nottingham Victoria on 11th June, 1949 heading a Bournemouth - Newcastle express. Nottingham Victoria was on the former Great Central Route. Note the reversed "The South Yorkshireman" headboard on the top lamp bracket (J. P. Wilson)
p75, top. No. 44845 has just left Nottingham Midland and is passing London Road Junction on 3rd August, 1953, heading a Newstead to Cleethorpes excursion. The platforms of Nottingham Midland are just visible through the bridge arches in the background and the lines diverging to the left are to Melton Mowbray (J. P. Wilson)
p75, bottom. No. 44985 takes the Ambergate Line at Little Eaton Junction on 9th August, 1953 just north of Derby, heading a Bournemouth West - Bradford express (J. P. Wilson)
p76, top. No. 4981 is seen here having just emerged from Milford Tunnel near Duffield, heading a southbound local train for Derby on 1st June, 1947 (J. M. Jarvis)
p76, middle. On 25th April, 1953, No. 44937 approaches Duffield Station with an 'up' Manchester Express to St. Pancras. It has come from Manchester via the scenic and now closed route via Millers Dale in the Peak District. Railway modellers will like the detail in this photo - the footbridge, the Gentleman's toilet sign, the Beware of Trains sign, the Passengers Must Cross The Line by the Bridge sign, and the signal gantry (J. P. Wilson)
p76, bottom. No. 44747 leaves the Sheffield Midland with a Bristol train, date unknown. The water filler or gantry is in the left foreground. (B. R. Goodland)
Lancashire, Derbyshire and Cheshire
p77, top. On 20th April, 1968, Nos 45110 and 44949, which have come from the manchester area, are joining the main line with an enthusiasts' special at Peak Forest Junction (the meeting place of the Midland route from Manchester to Derby and the line from Buxton) (John Whiteley)
p77, bottom. A magnificent, busy scene at Heaton Norris near Stockport, full of detail such as LNWR signal gantries and signals, a warehouse, signal box, private owner wagons, wagons, goods trucks and carriages, not forgetting 44749 heading a passenger train towards the camera. No. 44749 is powering The "Pines Express", which started out from Bournemouth West and is now nearing its final destination of Manchester London Road (T. Lewis)
p78, top. On 27th April, 1968, a railtour was run from Manchester to the Peak District and returning via Stalybridge, Copy Pit, Blackburn and Bolton. The first part of this tour was double-headed by Black Fives Nos 44781 and 45046 as far as Stalybridge where a couple of Standard 5s took over. This photo shows the two Black Fives climbing past Great Rocks Junction towards Peak Forest on the former Midland route from Manchester to Derby through the Peak District (John Whiteley)
p78, bottom. Another photo of the double-heading Black Fives, this time restarting from Chinley (John Whiteley)
p79, top. A photograph of Liverpool Lime Street with No. 45080 letting off plenty of steam in its energetic efforts to depart with its express bound for Hull on 3rd September, 1955. It is in full BR lined livery but with no emblem on the tender (J. B. C. McCann)
p79, bottom. On 4th August 1968, which was heralded as the last day of BR steam, several specials ran and were steam hauled in the North of England. Train IZ78 was one of two organised by the Stephenson Locomotive Society from Birmingham to Manchester, Huddersfield, Burnley, Wigan, Stockport and return. Here Nos 44871, in unlined black, and 44894 in lined black, are at Manchester Victoria awaiting the arrival of the first special from Birmingham (John Whiteley)
p80, top. Edging past Blackburn East signalbox and moving towards the camera is 45227 of Bank Hall on 25th August, 1955 (Brian Morrison)
p80, bottom. Nos 45073 and 45156 Ayrshire Yeomanry pass beneath the impressive signal gantry at the entrance to Blackburn with the "Fairwell to BR Steam" Railtour organised by Manchester Rail Travel Society on 28th July, 1968 (John Whiteley)
p81, top. The crew of 44942 are waiting for the road at Colne in March 1963. Heading towards them is 45350 with a train of empty vans for Red Bank, Manchester (John Whiteley)
p81, bottom. An overhead view of No. 45350 about to enter Sough Tunnel on the line from Blackburn to Bolton heading a train of empty newspaper and parcels vans from Colne to Manchester Red Bank on 15th June, 1968 (John Whiteley)
p82, top. On 1st August 1968, No. 45110 is photographed leaving Accrington with an evening parcels train from Colne (Gavin Morrison)
p82, bottom. No. 45134 has just passed Furness and Midland Junction at Carnforth with a long fitted freight train heading in the Barrow direction on 27th July, 1968
West Riding of Yorkshire
p83, top. No. 44996 of Saltley Shed approaches Wortley Junction, Leeds in charge of the 15.14 Leeds - Morecambe train on 3rd May, 1961. In the background is Gresley A3 class 4-6-2 No. 60069 Sceptre, which is waiting to reverse up to Leeds Central (Gavin Morrison)
p83, bottom. In this photograph, No. 45438 passes Skipton in charge of a summer Saturday train from Heads of Ayr to Leeds on 15th August, 1959 (Gavin Morrison)
p84, top. No. 44951 is nearing the top of the gruelling climb out of Bradford Exchange on the former Lancashire and Yorkshire route to Halifax and Manchester. It is approaching Bowling Junction on the 31st May 1966 heading an excursion to the coast, the 1X48 (Gavin Morrison)
p84, bottom. No. 44943 in this picture has just started the climb from Bradford Exchange heading the 1X32 excursion to Blackpool on 18th May, 1964. The tender is absolutely chock full of coal from Low Moor Shed. As with the photo above, the loco is being banked at the rear
p85, top. On 15th June, 1960, No. 45270 pilots rebuilt Patriot 4-6-0 No. 45521 Rhyl away from Leeds City (during the early stages of rebuilding) heading the 9.55am Newcastle - Liverpool express. It was common to double-head the heavier expresses between Leeds and Manchester (Gavin Morrison)
p85, bottom. No. 45372 takes the "new line" as it leaves Leeds with the 12.35pm Leeds - Manchester on 30th June, 1961. It is crossing the original LNWR line via Dewsbury and will rejoin that route near Heaton Lodge Junction, Mirfield for the rest of the journey to Manchester ( Gavin Morrison)
p86, top. No. 45324 pilots 9F 2-10-0 No. 92165 on a heavy Stanlow - Hunslet oil train. The pair approach Mirfield on 16th June 1967 on a busy four track section between Heaton Lodge Junction and Thornhill LNW Junction which was shared by the LNWR and LYR in pre-Grouping days. The viaduct in the background above the 9F carries the Leeds "New Line" (Gavin Morrison)
p86, middle. Crewe Black Five No. 44762 climbs past Linthwaite on the long and gruelling climb from Huddersfield to Standedge at the head of a Hull - Liverpool express on 24th June, 1959
p86, bottom. No. 44993, fitted with a miniature snowplough, approaches Shipley, Bingley Junction on 26th March, 1963, heading a 'down' fitted freight (John Whiteley)
p87, top. On the 27th August, 1966, No. 45069 leaves Halifax with the Leeds portion of the 13.25 Blackpool North - Bradford service (John Whiteley)
p87, middle. Nos 45207 and 45208 are working hard, pulling tender first, to power the annual excursion to Blackpool from Blakeborough's at Brighouse up Greetland Bank on Saturday 6th June, 1959. Both locomotives are from Low Moor. The train is running from Brighouse via Halifax where the train will reverse and the two engines will run round to face forward in the correct manner (Gavin Morrison)
p87, bottom. Pulling the IZ79, one of the last steam specials on 4th August 1968, Nos 44874 and 45017 are leaving the Calder Valley route at Hall Royd Junction, Todmorden and taking the line to Burnley via the climb over Copy Pit. Hall Royd Junction signal box is visible on the right of the picture (John Whiteley)
Warrington - Carlisle
p88, top. Warrington Shed on 2nd October, 1960, with 45377 facing the camera in the left foreground. It is slowly pulling Class 3F 0-6-0 No. 43295 out of the shed to the water column (Hugh Ballantyne)
p88, bottom. No. 44899 fitted with minature snow plough restarts a heavy northbound parcels train from a signal check near Winwick Junction, having waited to get onto the double track section ahead. It's the afternoon of the 23rd March, 1967 (M. Welch)
p89, top. Nos 45342 and 45156 Ayrshire Yeomanry are joining the WCML (West Coast Main Line) on 20th April, 1968 at Farington East Junction, heading a special off the Blackburn Line (Gavin Morrison)
p89, middle. No. 44939 of Carlisle Kingmoor rushes past Lancaster Castle Station on the West Coast Main Line at the head of an 'up' mixed freight on 26th August, 1954 (R. H. Leslie)
p89, bottom. Only two Black Fives were fitted with twin exhausts, double chimneys, Walschaerts Valve Gear and Timken roller bearings and this is one of them - 44766 (the other being 44765). Here it powers up Hest Bank on 24th August, 1954 with an 'up' fitted freight
p90, top. Four black fives can be seen in this picture taken at Carnforth motive power depot in August 1967 with no. 45435 in the foreground. The coaling tower dominates the picture (M. Welch)
p90, bottom. No. 45195 heads a southbound freight between Low Gill and Grayrigg on 30th April, 1966 (M. Welch)
p91, top. No. 44937 here has reached the summit of Grayrigg and is now taking a breather near Low Gill before tackling the climb to Shap Summit with a northbound parcels train on 1st September, 1962. Note the British Railways Karrier van on the right of the picture parked on a rough track alongside the railway (Gavin Morrison)
p91, bottom. Between Low Gill and Grayrigg, No. 45195 is seen heading a southbound freight on 30th April, 1966 (M. Welch)
p92, top. Gorgeous picture - very beautiful - of No. 45293 with its tender filled to overflowing thundering South past a favourite haunt of many photographers over the years, Dillicar Troughs, Tebay, with a fitted freight. The date is 12th April, 1963 (John Whiteley)
p92, bottom. Travelling at a moderate speed, No. 45108 picks up water from the troughs before stopping at Tebay for banking assistance to Shap Summit. It's heading a northbound mixed freight on 23rd May 1961 (John Whiteley)
p93, top. No. 45353 has steam shut off for its stop at Tebay whilst it waits for banking assistance for the climb to Shap Summit. It is heading a northbound freight on 4th November 1967 (Gavin Morrison)
p93, bottom. In a slightly grainy photograph of Tebay, Newton Heath Black Five No. 45290 ha just passed the town on 26th May, 1958 heading a relief Manchester - Glasgow express. Tebay Station can be seen on the right hand side and above the train is the former NER line to Kirkby Stephen (Gavin Morrison)
p94, top. At Scout Green, No. 44989 is passing with a heavy north-bound freight towards Shap Summit on 17th July 1965 (John Whiteley)
p94, bottom. No. 45131 heads a northbound parcel train at Greenholme on the climb from Tebay to Shap Summit on 27th June, 1964. Note that this train had not stopped for banking assistance and was already going at a snail's pace (John Whiteley)
p95, top. 45394 heads over Shap Summit heading an 'up' relief, 1X17 on 24th August, 1963 (Gavin Morrison)
p95, bottom. A picture taken from Shap Wells of No. 45444 going north with a freight, being banked by a Class 4 4-4-0. Shap Wells was well known as a perfect position to watch steam engines toiling up to Shap Summit from Tebay. They were often in sight for ten to fifteen minutes depending on the train speed or how well things were going on the footplate! (John Whiteley)
p96, full page. A well weathered No. 44864 makes good progress past Thrimby Grange on the more leisurely climb to Shap Summit from the North, heading a Southbound freight on 22nd April, 1965 (John Whiteley)
p97, top. Heading South past Thrimby Grange signal box with a 13 coach train is Black Five NO. 45254 piloting Jubilee No. 45643 Rodney on a Glasgow to Birmingham express on 6th July 1957 (L. Elsey)
P97, bottom. Yet another Black Five and Jubilee combination - here No. 45044 pilots No. 45556 Nova Scotia passes Wreay, just South of Carlisle, heading a Glasgow to Liverpool Express, No W2 82-2 on 3rd April, 1961
West Cumbria and Furness
p98. At Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, on 17th September, 1959, No. 45025 (now preserved) prepares to leave with the 9am to Euston, flanked by No. 45037 (J. D. Edwards)
p98, middle. No. 45375, allocated to Speke Junction, passes the last surviving Maryport & Carlisle lower quadrant signal on the main line, near Cummersdale, as it heads the 15.25 Carlisle - Whitehaven service on 23rd March, 1963 (R. H. Leslie)
p98, bottom. No. 45141 accelerates away from Dalston station with the 17.08 from Carlisle - Whitehaven stopping train on 18th September, 1954, displaying class A headlamp code (R. H. Leslie)
The Settle and Carlisle
p99, top. With a thick trail and plume of smoke and steam in the still morning air, No. 44802 climbs towards Ribblehead with a northbound freight on November 4th, 1967
p99, bottom. A marvellous view of Ribblehead viaduct with No. 44795 heading slowly northbound across it with a heavy freight on 16th May, 1959
p100, top. No. 44940 passes a very wet and inhospitable Dent on 15th July, 1967 with a northbound freight from Leeds (John Whiteley)
p100, bottom. With Wild Boar Fell dominating the picture in the background at Ais Gill, Nos. 45009 and 44785 approach the summit with the 'up' "Waverley" from Edinburgh to St. Pancras on 25th June, 1960 (R. H. Leslie)
North of Carlisle and the Glasgow & South Western
p101, top. On the night of 18th September, 1959, Royal Scot 4-6-0 No. 46126 Royal Army Service Corps and Class 5 No. 44727 await their respective southbound trains (J. D. Edwards)
p101, middle. With a miniature snow plough fitted to the front, No. 45432 passes over the water troughs at Floriston on 2nd March, 1958 heading the Broughton - London meat train (R. H. Leslie)
p101, bottom. A few miles north of Carlisle at Rockliffe, No. 45480 thunders northwards with a heavy freight in the late afternoon sun
p102, top. On 13th June, 1959, No. 45169 pulls away from Dumfries Station with a parcels train for Carlisle. On shed can be seen Class 3F 0-6-0 No. 57623 of Caledonian Railway origin and preserved Heywood, Great North of Scotland Railway Class F 4-4-0 No. 49 Gordon Highlander (R. H. Leslie)
p102, bottom. No. 44883 is here being turned at Dumfries on 10th June, 1965 on the Dumfries turntable with just one man pushing the engine round (M. Welch)
p103, top. Nos 44707 and 44679 double-head a heavy northbound parcels, having restarted the train from Dumfries on 10th June, 1965 (M. Welch)
p103, bottom. No. 45432 is here leaving its home base with a 'down' freight to Stranraer on 11th June, 1965 (M. Welch)
p104, top. Nos 44789 and 45498 enter Newton Stewart on 1st July, 1961 with a Newcastle - Stranraer express (Gavin Morrison)
p104, middle. Out in the wilds of Kirkcudbright, No. 44885 crosses Greater Fleet Viaduct near Gatehouse of Fleet on 1st July, 1961 heading a Dumfries - Stranraer local train (Gavin Morrison)
p104, bottom. No. 44892 passes Kilmarnock on 29th June 1957 heading a 'down' mixed freight (Brian Morrison)
Beattock
p105, top. The infamous Beattock bank presents northbound trains with a climb of nearly ten miles at between 1 in 88 and 1 in 69 from Beattock Station to the summit 1,015 feet above sea level nearly exactly halfway between Carlisle and Glasgow. Here No.s 73062 (pulling empties from service S139); and 45310 (pulling empties from S1355) stand in the loops at Beattock awaiting banking assistance for their northbound empty stock trains for Glasgow holidays (Gavin Morrison)
p105, bottom. On 3rd June, 1966, No. 44995 makes its way out of Beattock 'down' yard with a northbound freight. Far in the distance tt the rear, it is receiving banking assistance from Fairburn 2-6-4T No. 42693. Beattock station can be seen in the background and the shed which stored the banking engines is to the right of the signalbox (M. Welch)
p106, top. Near the intermediate signalbox at Greskine, No. 44908 drifts casually down from Beattock summit with a southbound freight on 15th April, 1963 (John Whiteley)
p106, bottom. In the days of steam struggling northwards up to the top of Beattock Summit, photographers would gather at Harthorpe where the visual and audible effects were at their optimum. Here 45176 minus top feed cover battles its way up on 11th August 1964
p107, top. In much more of an action shot and with black smoke boiling out of its chimney, no. 45176 blasts its way towards Greskine, heading a heavy northbound coal train. Fairburn 2-6-4T, No. 42192 is working equally hard banking the train at the rear (John Whiteley)
p107, bottom. A lovely bright, crisp photograph of No. 44997 climbing past (and at the rear of) Harthope Cottages heading the 9.25am Crewe to Perth service on 15th April, 1963. The photo was taken from a quiet (and largely empty) A74 trunk road in the days before it became a dual carriageway. There's an M.M.Ltd wheeled van in the foreground (John Whiteley)
p108, top. A northbound train passing Harthorpe Cottages with the picture taken from trackside. No. 45317 pilots 'Royal Scot' class 4-6-0 No. 46102 Black Watch on 15th May 1960 at the head of a Manchester - Glasgow express (R. H. Leslie)
p108, bottom. On 22nd April, 1962, No. 45125 is on the lower stretches of Beattock bank near Auchencastle with the assistance of a Fairburn 2-6-4T on the rear and heading a Sunday 'down' freight (John Whiteley)
West Highland Workings
p109, top. On 13th July, 1956, No. 44908 of Eastfield nears the top of Cowlairs Bank with a morning Glasgow Queen's Street - Mallaig service (Gavin Morrison)
p109, middle. Fort William Shed with No. 44908 present and accompanied by sister engine No. 45119 in the background (J. P. Wilson)
p109, bottom. Shortly after the Fort William Shed photograph, No. 44908 left the shed heading out with the Mallaig to Glasgow train. The Fort William depot can just about be seen through the steam and smoke in the distance on the right hand side of the Black Five (J. P. Wilson)
p110, top. Amongst many Caledonian signals, No. 45153 departs with a Glasgow train from Oban on 1st July, 1954 (J. P. Wilson)
p110, middle. With Connel Ferry West signalbox on the right of the picture, No. 44995 heads towards the camera with a 'down' Glasgow train on 29th June, 1954. The driver is exchanging a token with the signalbox man as this particular Black Five does not have a tablet catcher (J. P. Wilson)
p110, bottom. On the now defunct ex-Caledonian line between Crianlarich and Dunblane via Callander, No. 45356 enters the attractive station at Callander heading the 9.30am Oban - Glasgow service (John Whiteley)
Scottish Miscellany
p111, top. On a bright sunny 1st July, 1957, No. 44820 emerges from the short Mound Tunnel and enters Edinburgh Waverley Station with a train from Stirling which has travelled via Dunfermline and the Forth Bridge (J. P. Wilson)
p 111, bottom. On 25th June, 1957, No. 44700 awaits departure from the (former Caledonian Railway terminus) Edinburgh Princess Street. The Carstairs engine is travelling with a Liverpool express which will travel as far as Carstairs and then join the Glasgow portion of the train. Next to it, No. 45023 displays a Caledonian semaphore route indicator and is standing on a Glasgow slow (J. P. Wilson)
p112, top. No. 45157 heads a southbound freight across the Forth Bridge on an unknown date (M. Welch)
p112, bottom. No. 44879 works tender first on 22nd September 1966 at Thornton Junction (M. J. Fox)
Stirling and the North
p113, top. Passing under an impressive signal gantry as it leaves Stirling for Glasgow is Black Five No. 44704 with the 'up' Grampian from Aberdeen. The photograph was taken on 21st April, 1965 at a time when the normal locomotive power for these three hour expresses was Gresley A4 Pacifics (based at Aberdeen, Ferryhill). (John Whiteley)
p113, bottom. On 13th June, 1959, No. 45123 of Inverness approaches Stirling with a Glasgow Buchanan Street-Oban train whilst in the left foreground, No. 45018 shunts the yard. The train includes a Pullman dining car, fourth coach back from the locomotive (Gavin Morrison)
p114, top. On one of the bay platforms at Stirling, No. 45127 awaits departure with the 15.40 train to Edinburgh on 21st August, 1964. The crew are sitting on the platform bench next to the first carriage in their train as D5328 pulls in with the Inverness to Glasgow Express. D5328 was the first class 26 diesel to be withdrawn in 1972 with accident damage (John Whiteley)
p114, bottom. Deputising for an A4 in this photo taken on 28th May, 1966 is No. 44794 with the 'up' Grampian from Aberdeen. It is approaching Gleneagles (John Whiteley)
p115, top. On 21st April, 1965, No. 44925 saunters towards Bridge of Allan having just emerged out of Dunblane Tunnel with the 14.45 local freight from Perth to Stirling, which on this occasion was just two brake vans! (John Whiteley)
p115, middle. Heading towards the camera with the 15.15 Glasgow-Dundee passenger service on 24th August, 1964 is No. 45195, which has just emerged from Dunblane Tunnel and is nearing Dunblane Station (John Whiteley)
p115, bottom. Shows a picture of Perth shed in June, 1965 where Black Five No. 44879 sits in the company of Gresley A4 Pacific, No. 60031, Golden Plover (M. Welch)
p116, full page. No. 44703 of Aberdeen Ferryhill sprints away from Perth with an afternoon train from Glasgow to Aberdeen on 10th August, 1965 (Gavin Morrison)
p117, top. No. 45165 works hard running from Pitlochry towards the Pass of Killiecrankie on 22nd July, 1961, heading the 10.35am Glasgow - Inverness train. The tablet catching equipment can be seen on the side of the cab (John Whiteley)
p117, middle. On the Highland Main Line, it was common to have Black Fives double-heading and this picture captures that on 16th April, 1954 when No. 44785, fitted with miniature snowplough pilots No. 45497 away from Aviemore towards the climb to Slochd Summit, heading an Inverness train (J. B. C. McCann)
p117, bottom. On 30th March, 1956, with Boat of Garten signalbox in the mid-distance and to the right, No. 44799 powers towards the camera with an 'up' highland passenger train on what is now the preserved Strathspey Railway. Boat of Garten was the junction between the Highland line from Forres and the Great North of Scotland line from Craigelachie (J. B. C. McCann)
p118, top. No. 45168 attacks the climb towards Ferryhill with the 15.30 'up' West Coast Postal on 24th March, 1951 (J. B. C. McCann)
p118, bottom. No. 44791 and Standard 5, 4-6-0 No. 73009 make a powerful and emotive double-header combination thundering underneath some impressive signal gantries on 4th April, 1953 with the 'up' 'Saint Mungo', the 9.35am from Aberdeen to Glasgow Buchanan Street (J. B. C. McCann)
p119, top. No. 45172 nears Ferryhill with the 9.35am departure from Aberdeen to Glasgow Buchanan Street. Date unknown (J. B. C. McCann)
p119, middle. A picture of the fantastic and imposing stone-built Highland Railway water tower arch at Inverness motive power depot with No. 44924 standing to one side in front of it on 9th June, 1957. Welsh's Bridge signal box can just about be seen through the archway in the background (Gavin Morrison)
p119, bottom. A mountainous scene of The Mound Station taken on 1st May 1957 and showing No. 45319 of Inverness shunting at the Dornoch branch platform (Hugh Ballantyne)
p120, top. In a delightful scene at Garve taken in May 1950, No. 45098 (fitted with miniature snow plough) leaves the tiny station with an Inverness - Kyle of Lochhalsh train
p120, bottom. The Kyle of Lochalsh terminus on 3rd May, 1957. This slightly elevated photograph showing the station and quayside shows No. 45179 preparing to leave on the 17.40pm to Dingwall (Hugh Ballantyne)
p121, top. No. 45360 at Keith Motive Power Depot in June, 1957. A class 4F 0-6-0 can just be glimpsed inside the shed (Gavin Morrison)
p121, middle. No. 45319 of Inverness is being turned on the turntable at Wick on 10th June, 1957 (Gavin Morrison)
p121, bottom. With the Georgemas signalbox in the distance on the right hand side, No. 44722 arrives at Georgemas station with the 10.30am Inverness to Wick train. On its left heading in the opposite direction are Nos 45066 and 44798 waiting for the road at the head of the 15.35 service from Wick to Inverness. The line diverging to the right is to Thurso (Hugh Ballantyne)
Named Black Fives
Only four Black Fives had been namd prior to them being withdrawn from service
p122, top. No. 45158 Glasgow Yeomanry does some shunting at Carmyle on 12th August 1960 (Gavin Morrison)
p122, middle. Another photograph of 45158 as it arrives at the power station adjacent to Carmyle Station with loaded coal wagons (Gavin Morrison)
p122, bottom. A close up photo of the front and left hand side of Glasgow Yeomanry on shed at Oban, 1st July, 1954. Note that this picture shows it still fitted with a tablet catcher. No. 45158 was named in 1936 and ran with the plates until withdrawn in 1964 (J. P. Wilson)
p123, top left. No. 45154 at Leeds Holbeck motive power depot on 5th August, 1964, minus name plates (Gavin Morrison)
p123, top right. Close up of the Lanarkshire Yeomanry plates of No. 45154 (M. Welch)
p123, middle. The Glasgow Highlander, No. 45157 taken at Carlisle Kingmoor on 19th June, 1960. This Black Five was also named in 1936, but in an anomaly, the appropriate badge was incorporated into the nameplates above the name and not below like the other named Black Fives (Gavin Morrison)
p123, bottom. On 4th August, 1968, No. 45156 approaches Denton Junction near Guide Bridge with an enthusiasts' special from Stockport to Hellifield and Carnforth. No. 45156 had been called Ayrshire Yeomanry. By the time this picture was taken however, the nameplates had been removed and sold to collectors (John Whiteley)
In Close Up
p124, top. Outside cylinder and Walschaerts gear of No. 44874 (John Whiteley)
p124, bottom left. Shows the standard BR line black livery very well in this photograph, here painted onto ex-works No. 44821 at Bangor Motive Power Depot (E. N. Kneale)
p124, bottom right. Photo taken in 1966 of the drive from the piston to the centre coupled wheels and the fluted rods and sanders. Engine number unknown (M. Welch)
p125, top left. The cab of No. 44874 with the filled in footsteps in full view. All Black Fives except the Caprotti-fitted locomotives had these (John Whiteley)
p125, top right. Overhead view of No. 45290 showing the cab roof ventilator, the safety valves and the domed boiler (M. Welch)
p125, bottom. Left hand side looking forward of No. 44797 at Perth on 5th June, 1965 still lettered 5MT on the cab and still fitted with tablet exchanging equipment for use on the Scottish single line workings. Note also the forward position of the top feed which H. G. Ivatt introduced (M. Welch)
On the Southern
p126, top. Black Fives could be found on excursions in the Southern Region and also in 1953, seven of them were loaned to the Southern Region due to the Merchant Navy Pacifics being pulled from traffic because of an axle defect. Here, No. 45223 with Newton Heath shedplate, leaves Southampton Central on 23rd May, 1953 with the Waterloo - Bournemouth with SR headcode discs on the front
p126, bottom. No. 45046 restarts from a signal check at St. Denys between Southampton and Eastleigh at the head of the 6.22am Bournemouth Central to Waterloo service on the 28th June 1965. The engine was borrowed for a week to use on Waterloo trains after straying into Southern territory at the head of a pigeon special to Weymouth (M. J. Fox)
p127, top. No. 45216 at Eastleigh on 2nd May, 1953, with driver and fireman leaning out of the cab (L. Elsey)
p127, bottom. No. 44915 of Rugby crosses Brockenhurst Common heading a York-Bournemouth train on 19th April, 1965, just before a severe storm (note the thunderously black sky) (Gavin Morrison)
Somerset and Dorset
p128, top. On 25th July, 1959, No. 44755, Caprotti-fitted with double chimney, stands inside the terminus at Bath Green Park having arrived with the 8.20am from Bristol to Bournemouth West (Hugh Ballantyne)
p128, middle. No. 45440 stands outside the Midland Shed at Bath on 12th June, 1955, with the S & DJR shed on the left at a slightly lower level. No. 45440 was one of the first Black Fives to arrive at Bath in 1938 and stayed there until it was replaced by BR Standard Class 5s in 1955-1956. The Bath Shed code 71G is on the smokebox door (Hugh Ballantyne)
p128, bottom. No. 44867 and BR Standard Class 5 4-6-0 No. 73054 approach Bath Junction on 4th August, 1962 with the 9.08am Birmingham to Bournemouth West service. Note that on 73054, the tablet catching arm has been extended ready to pick up the single line token (Hugh Ballantyne)
p129, top. On 1st August, 1953, Class 4F 0-6-0 No. 44102 pilots No. 44830 heading a Birmingham-Bournemouth nine coach train; they are approaching Masbury Summit
p129, bottom. The Somerset & Dorset would couple a pilot engine ahead of the train engine (in contrast to GWR practice). This is the case here on 1st August 1953, when Class 2P 4-4-0 No. 40697 assists No. 44917 on a heavy 12 coach Liverpool to Bournemouth West train. The pair have just emerged from the short Chilcompton Tunnel with clear exhausts, but still climbing steeply at 1 in 50 towards Masbury Summit (L. Elsey)
Titled Trains
p130, top. The Thames - Clyde express ran between London St. Pancras and Glasgow St. Enoch via Leicester, Leeds and Carlisle. On the route south of Leeds, it was common for just a single locomotive to haul the train. On 10th May, 1952, No. 45407 takes the Chesterfield line at Dore and Totley heading the 'up' train complete with headboard (J. B. C. McCann)
p130, bottom. In 1957, the 9.15 St. Pancras to Edinburgh Waverley service was given the title "The Waverley" running via Nottingham, Leeds, Carlisle and the Waverley route to Edinburgh. Double-heading was common between Leeds and Carlisle and this photo shows No. 45334 and 'Royal Scot' class 4-6-0 No. 46113 Cameronian leaving Leeds City with the northbound train (Gavin Morrison)
p131, top. Black Five No. 45207 and Thompson Class B1 4-6-0 No. 61159 sit side by side at Sheffield Victoria Station on 10th May 1952. Low Moor No. 45207 has just arrived from Bradford Exchange with the 'up' "South Yorkshireman", whilst the B1 is waiting for the Sheffield portion of its train to be attached (J. B. C. McCann)
p131, middle. No. 45388 of Edge Hill and an unidentified Royal Scot 4-6-0 have just passed Rugby with the 'up' "Merseyside Express", the 10.10am departure from Liverpool (J. B. C. McCann)
p131, bottom. No. 45299 accelerates away from Rugby in September 1954 on the climb towards Hillmorton on the W472 working, heading the "Empress Voyager", which was an 'up' Canadian Pacific boat train from Liverpool Riverside (J. B. C. McCann)
Black Five Miscellany
p132, top. Alongside the ECML (East Coast Main Line), the Black Fives could sometimes be seen at Sandy, Bedfordshire where the LNWR Bletchley to Cambridge line also ran. This picture shows an A3 Pacific, No. 60111 Enterprise racing through the station on 3rd March, 1961 with a stationary Black Five No. 45089 butted up against the signal box. It's at the rear of a train of empties from the LNWR line (M. J. Fox)
p132, middle. At the head of the 1W48, No. 45253 heads the 9am Paignton to Leeds train at Standish Junction, south of Gloucester on 20th July, 1963. The signalbox is in the middle distance on the right of the photograph, and the Black Five is crossing from the ex-Midland main lines to the former Great Western lines which can be seen diverging in the distance where they head off to Swindon via Sapperton (Hugh Ballantyne)
p132, bottom. Leaving platform 9 at York on 21st May, 1959, is No. 449811 of Bournville at the head of the Newcastle to Birmingham service. On the end of the platform are a couple of boys trainspotting, whilst on the left hand side, a Class J72 0-6-0T can be seen doing the job of station pilot. The Black Five has just replaced an ex-LNER engine that brought the train to York (Brian Morrison)
Double-headers
p133, top. The 9.55am Newcastle - Liverpool climbs out of Leeds towards Farnley on 23rd September 1960 behind No. 44696 and Edge Hill-rebuilt 'Patriot' 4-6-0 No. 45525 Colwyn Bay (Gavin Morrison)
p133, middle. Heading the IM24, No. 44683 powers the Glasgow - Birmingham express on 4th June, 1961 seen near Calthwaite and second in the train, Stanier 'Coronation' Pacific No. 46230, Duchess of Buccleuch (R. H. Leslie)
p133, bottom. Having just crossed the Dent Head Viaduct, Kingmoor No. 44668 and Holbeck 'Royal Scot' 4-6-0 No. 46109 Royal Engineer power the 'up' Thames Clyde Express onwards on 16th May, 1959 (Gavin Morrison)
p134, top. At the head of a heavy (Ford) Halewood to Bathgate train on 16th May, 1964, No. 45018 and Gresley A3 Pacific No. 60042 Singapore prepare to do battle with the tough gradients of the Waverley route as they leave Carlisle (R. H. Leslie)
p134, bottom. No. 44886 pilots A3 class Pacific No. 60038 Firdaussi heading the 'up' "Thames - Clyde Express". (Gavin Morrison)
p135, top. Black Fives and 'Jubilees' double-heading was a common sight on the West Coast Main Line and on 20th May, 1961, No. 45334 pilots No. 45698 Mars on a Glasgow - Liverpool express seen nearing Beattock Summit (Gavin Morrison)
p135, bottom. No. 45000 (now in preservation) pilots 'Royal Scot' class 4-6-0 No. 46142 The York and Lancaster Regiment heading a Glasgow - Manchester express south of Wreay on 17th September, 1961 (R. H. Leslie)
p136, top. In an overhead shot of the Weymouth line and in the bright, clear conditions of 3rd July 1966, No. 45493 pilots Bulleid 'West Country' class Pacific No.34002 Salisbury on the climb from Weymouth as they near Bincombe Tunnel with a return L. C. G. B. railtour (M. J. Fox)
p136, bottom. A pair of Holbeck engines pass Crossflatts between Keighley and Bingley on 8th November, 1958 at the head of the 'down' "Waverley" express. Fowler 2P class 4-4-0 No. 40491 pilots No.44852 on the four track section to Thwaites Junction, Keighley (Gavin Morrison)
p137, top. On 18th August, 1962, No. 45341 has taken a pilot from Oxenholme for the initial climb to Grayrigg (which precedes the steeper ascent up Shap). The pilot is Fowler 2-6-4T No. 42319 and both engines are near Low Gill in the picture having just cleared Grayrigg Summit with a Southport - Glasgow train
p137, middle. No. 45156 Ayrshire Yeomanry and Class 9F 2-10-0 No. 92078 head empty coaching stock from Llandudno to Stoke on 2nd July 1966 on the newly opened Harecastle Tunnel diversion line (M. Welch)
p137, bottom. A fantastic photo of Saltney Junction near Chester in the days before the network was shrunk by cost cutting. On 7th August, 1961, No. 44734 and BR Standard Class 4 4-6-0 No. 75051 drift past the junction heading the 'up' "Welshman" with a 13-coach load (John Whiteley)
Nearing the End
p138, top. With "The End. Bradford to Leeds. Farewell" chalked on the smokebox door, No. 45428 prepares to leave Bradford Exchange on Sunday 1st October, 1967 with the Bradford portion of a train to King's Cross (Gavin Morrison)
p138, bottom. On 20th April, 1968, Nos. 45110 and 44949 leave Chinley with a railtour from Manchester to the Peak District of Derbyshire and returning via Stalybridge and Blackburn. There are plentiful rail enthusiasts heads leaning from the carriage windows and there are a couple of blokes near the right hand side of the bridge in the background (John Whiteley)
p139, top. Black Fives dominated the steam charters on the last weekend of steam operation in 1968 (the last Sunday of normal steam working was 4th August, 1968 on BR). One such charter was organised by G. C. Enterprises running from Stockport to Hellifield and Carnforth by a very circuitous route. In this photo, No. 45156, Ayrshire Yeomanry, passes through Exchange Station shortly after leaving Manchester Victoria on the outward working, surrounded by enthusiasts looking on from both the station platform and the tracks themselves (John Whiteley)
p139, middle. At 16.44 on Sunday 11th August, 1968, Nos. 44871 and 44781 cross Ais Gill Viaduct at the head of the return special from Carlisle to Liverpool, which was British Railway's official last steam train (John Whiteley)
p139, bottom. The sad scene of two Black Fives centre and left being dismantled inside Crewe Works, whilst an unknown Crosti-boilered 9F 2-10-0 meets its fate on the right of the picture (E. N. Kneale)
p140, full page. On 3rd August, 1968, No. 45305 simmers quietly inside Lostock Hall shed before taking part in the following day's railtours. A group of enthusiasts had carefully cleaned each locomotive at the shed so that they all went out in style on their last runs. No. 5305 of course was lucky enough to enter preservation, as did many other Black Fives (Gavin Morrison)
Preservation
p141, top. 18 Black Fives have been preserved and many have seen main line service since. On some occasions they have been double-headed: in this photo taken on 4th April, 1981, No. 4767 George Stephenson pilots No. 5407 over Smardale Viaduct with a northbound "Cumbrian Mountain Express" (John Whiteley)
p141, bottom. No. 44767 George Stephenson fully lined out in BR black livery leaves Stirling with a return train from Perth to Falkirk, deputising for No. 673 Maude on 13th April, 1985 (Gavin Morrison)
p142, top. No. 44871 on 24th September 1977 made one of its rare outings onto the main line, here piloting No.45407 from Carnforth to Leeds, here seen near Kildwick (Gavin Morrison)
p142, middle. On 3rd November, 1985, No. 44932 worked a Southport-Wigan excursion and is seen leaving Southport where there are two Class 508 third rail EMUs in sidings on the left of this overhead picture (L. A. Nixon)
p142, bottom. No. 5000 has achieved a considerable mileage in preservation and this picture is just part of the preservation story for this locomotive. Here No.5000 in LMS livery is passing Marshbrook on its way to Shrewsbury with a northbound "Welsh Marches Pullman" (John Whiteley)
p143, top. On Monday, 6th July, 1981 (which was a wet day in Scotland), No. 5025 worked an excursion from Perth to Aviemore and back. It is seen here leaving Perth in the rain at 9.50 am on the outward journey (John Whiteley)
p143, middle. Before going to Scotland, No. 5025 spent some time on the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway and is here seen on 17th March, 1973 inside No. 45212 near Oakworth on a train from Keighley to Oxenhope on Enthusiasts' day (Gavin Morrison)
p143, bottom. No. 5231 is in its LMS livery in this picture taken on 5th September, 1976 and has been named 3rd (Volunteer) Battalion the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment. It is approaching Quorn and Woodhouse at the Great Central Railway with a Loughborough - Rothley service (Brian Morrison)
p144, top. In LMS livery, No. 5305 Alderman A. E. Draper accelerates northwards away from Skipton with an excursion over the Settle and Carlisle line on 8th March, 1986 (John Whiteley)
p144, middle. In an interesting double-header combination between No.45407 (pilot) and LNER Class B1 4-6-0 No.1306 Mayflower, a packed excursion train makes its way back to Carnforth on 19th June, 1976 (Gavin Morrison)
p144, bottom. No.45428 Eric Treacy puts on a powerful display at Esk Valley on the NYMR (North Yorkshire Moors Railway) on 1st April 1984 working a morning service from Grosmont to Pickering. The engine was built by Armstrong Whitworth and withdrawn from BR service in September, 1967 (J. R. P. Hunt)



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Steam Books By Gavin Morrison


Steam Over The Settle & Carlisle Line


The End of Steam on BR


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BR Standards In Steam


LMS Steam


Barry Scrapyard


Midland Stations


Steam Trains in Yorkshire


Steam Trains 1940s


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Preserved Steam Engines


Last Days of Steam


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Cox, E. S. 'Royal Scots of the LMS', published in 1970 in Great Britain by Ian Allan in hardback, 64pp, ISBN 0711001650. Condition: good, well looked-after. Has some tanning to the dustjacket. A nice copy for its age. Price: £8.99, not including post and packing, which is Amazon UK's standard charge (currently £2.80 for UK buyers, more for overseas customers)
1970, Ian Allan, hbk
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  • Royal Scots of the LMS [top]
    Written by E. S. Cox, John Powell, W. A. Tuplin and P.G. Johnson. Edited by Douglas Doherty
    First published in 1970 in Great Britain by Ian Allan in hardback, 64pp, ISBN 0711001650. Original price when first sold: 25 shillings / £1.25
    Jacket design by Ian Allan Studio

Contents: The LMS Royal Scot 4-6-0s are regarded by many authorities as the finest 4-6-0s ever built in this country, particularly after their rebuilding by Stanier. Even in their original form, they put up some superb performances and undertook prodigious feats of load haulage. In this book, four authors who were closely concerned with the day-to-day running, maintenance and performance of these engines, E. S. Cox, Dr. W. A. Tuplin, A. J. Powell, and Driver P. G. Johnson, trace their history and recall some of their exploits. The text is accompanies by a fine selection of photographs, including some rare shots of various experiments carried out with individual engines of the class

Contents:
Introduction
Mechanical Development by E. S. Cox
A Critical Appreciation by W. A. Tuplin
Performance in Service by John Powell
Footplate Impressions by Peter G. Johnson
Appendices:
Dimensions of the Royal Scot Class
Performance of the Royal Scot Class
Names and Important Dates - this lists the class engine by engine and details the name of the engine, the original name until 1935/6, the date it was rebuilt, the date it was renumbered and finally the date it was withdrawn. So for example, 6100 was the first to be withdrawn in October 1962 and preserved as LMS 6100 by Sir Billy Butlin but still in rebuilt condition. Scots Guardsman conversely was the last engine of the class to be withdrawn on January 1, 1966. It is believed that it was the first engine to get smoke deflectors in its rebuilt state

Background of the authors:
E. S. Cox was a former assistant chief mechanical engineer of British Railways and was responsible for the design of the fleet of Standard passenger and freight locomotives and rolling stock. Upon retirement from BR in 1965, he spent his time enriching the bookshelves of rail enthusiasts with his books for Ian Allan

John Powell wrote as 45671, penning a series of articles for 'Trains Illustrated' from November 1957. He understood much about LMS practice from his days as a Derby apprentice and held various appointments including Projects Officer responsible for the introduction of Freightliner and merry-go-round coal operations in Scotland. After a while as Traffic Officer for the Scottish Region of Freightliners Ltd, Mr. Powell moved to a post of Planning Officer (Operations) for the Channel Tunnel Organisation of British Railways Board

Driver Johnson began his railway career in the time honoured tradition as a locomotive cleaner at Wellington (Shropshire) GWR in 1944. Transferred to Gresty Lane, Crewe; and then to Crewe North Shed, Driver Johnson progressed through the links before moving to South Shed, reaching Registered Driver in 1961. In the 1970s, when this book was published, Peter Johnson could be found at the controls of diesel and electric locomotives thundering up and down the West Coast mainline

Dr. Tuplin was Professor of Applied Mechanics at Sheffield University, having begun his unofficial observation of steam locomotives at the tender age of three and right to the end of steam on British Railways. He was known as a forthright and independent thinker and respected engineer

Plates (all black & white photographs):
1. Full page photo. No. 6112 climbs Camden bank out of Euston with the "Royal Scot" in the early 1930s. Source: BR
2. No. 6110 Royal Scot in works grey paint as built, without smoke deflectors and with small tender. Source: BR
3. No. 6147 Courier soon after entry into service, with LMS crest on cabside and number on tender
4. No. 6149 Lady of the Lake, the last of the North British Ltd Co-built members of the class at Crewe North. Nos 6125 to 6149 originally received names of old time locomotives; they also carried an etched in brass outline of the original locomotive on a plate beneath the nameplate. All the names and plates were later removed and replaced with regimental names. Source: T. G. Hepburn
5. No. 6110 Grenadier Guardsman heads the down "Midday Scot", formed of ex-LNW 12-wheel "Corridor" stock, past Kenton in April 1928. Source: M. W. Earley
6. No. 6100 Royal Scot at the head of a London-Liverpool express, soon after entry into service
7. Picture showing No. 6113 Cameronian fitted with the tender it used for a non-stop run from Euston to Glasgow (the service was then taken on to Edinburgh by compound 4-4-0 No. 1054. The non-stop run took place on April 27, 1928. This photograph of 6113 shows it on an up Western Division express at Kenton
8. No. 6132 Phoenix passing Oxenholme with the down "Midday Scot". Interestingly, the photo shows a Caledonian route indicator on the smokebox. Immediately following the engine is a GWR coach from Plymouth. Source F. R. Hebron
9. Full page photo. Train engine No. 6109 Royal Engineer double-heading with LNWR "Precursor" class 4-4-0 No. 5263 Oceanic. Both engines are restarting the down "Royal Scot" from Oxenholme around 1930. Source: F. R. Hebron
10. No. 6145, before it was named 'Condor' shown newly built and waiting at Derby to take on a London-bound express. Source: T. G. Hepburn
11. No. 6147 Courier heading the 10.30 am Euston to Liverpool service around 1930. Source: BR
12. No. 6158 The Loyal Regiment running with temporary indicating shelter for testing purposes. Source: F. R. Hebron
13. No. 6122 Royal Ulster Rifleman heading the down "Royal Scot" on Bushey troughs around 1930. Source: F. R. Hebron
14. Full page photo. Fitted with smoke deflectors, No. 6143 The South Staffordshire Regiment is seen heading out of Liverpool for London with the driver clearly visible leaning out of the cab. Source: Eric Treacy
15. Full page photo. No. 6144 Honourable Artillery Company heading a Euston express. Source: Eric Treacy
16. No. 6141 Caledonian standing outside an external works wall (location unknown) showing signs of smoke deflection experiments - here the viewer can see a small "shovel" behind the chimney. This was in the days before the adoption of full side-shields
17. No. 6100 Royal Scot carrying a larger version of the "shovel" rim. The train is an up Perth express leaving Carlisle. Source: F. R. Hebron
18. Yet another type of smoke deflector on No. 6133 Vulcan
19. Another type of smoke deflector - rather like a visor fitted to the front of 6161 King's Own at Crewe. Another modification has here been applied to the tender, which has been built up to increase coal-carrying capacity. Source: T. G. Hepburn
20. A very shiny brand new 6100 is shown ready for shipment to the United States and Canada where it toured in 1933. Here it can be seen equipped with an electric headlamp and smokebox door nameplate. No. 6152 was in fact the actual locomotive that undertook the tour after changing identities with No. 6100. The identities of the engines were never swapped back. Source: BR
21. Close up of one of the plaques that was affixed to the side of No. 6100 after the US tour. When 6100 was rebuilt by Stanier, the plaques were modified with the addition of "Prior to Conversion" above the top line of the inscription. Source: W. Potter
22. Photo of 6100 on tour in the United States with people surrounding the train
23. No. 6130 The West Yorkshire Regiment showing the full smoke deflectors which were finally adopted for the class
24. The next change adopted after the smoke deflectors was the fitting of bigger, high-sided tenders, as here attached to No. 6160 Queen Victoria's Rifleman
25. The final LMS livery is seen here on No. 6145 The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding)
26. Royal Scots rarely double-headed because they were powerful enough on their own to manage heavy haulage. If they ever did need a pilot loco, it was usually a Midland Class 2 4-4-0 or a Jubilee 4-6-0. This photo however shows Nos 6167 and 6165 working the down "Lancastrian" from Euston to Manchester on May 1, 1937; the pair are seen here approaching Bushey. Source: E. R. Wethersett
27. No. 6136 The Border Regiment heading the Anglo-Scottish express at Euxton, Lancashire. Unusual on this photograph is the smokebox decoration on 6136. Source: Eric Treacy
28. Unrebuilt No. 46141 The North Staffordshire Regiment climbing out of Euston. Source: Eric Treacy
29. Surviving longer than most in its unrebuilt condition was No. 46137, The Prince of Wales Volunteers, South Lancashire. In this photo, it head the Liverpool-Newcastle express through Manchester Victoria in June 1952. Source: B. Yale
30. Front and side elevation of experimental compound locomotive No. 6399 Fury built by North British Locomotive Co. Source: BR
31. Eventually, the chassis of "Fury'" was fitted with a new boiler and three simple cylinders upon which it was renumbered 6170 and renamed British Legion. The raked back steam pipes were eventually modified. Source: BR
32. The final look of No. 46170, British Legion (ex-Fury). Source: P. Ransome-Wallis
33. Full page photo. No. 6117 Welsh Guardsman was rebuilt under Stanier and is seen here still in wartime black livery heading a Leeds-Glasgow express out of Carlisle (source: Eric Treacy)
34. No. 6103 Royal Scots Fusilier, shown here, was the first to emerge out of Crewe works in 1943 extensively rebuilt with new taper boiler, double blastpipe and chimney, and re-designed cylinders and valves. Source: BR
35. View of a rebuilt "Scot" from the footplate. Source: Eric Treacy
36. 46146 The Rifle Brigade poses outside Holyhead shed in wartime black livery. Source: Eric Treacy
37. And out on the mainline, 46146 The Rifle Brigade climbs the bank out of Holyhead station with the up "Irish Mail". Source: Eric Treacy
38. Full page photo. No. 46138 The London Irish Rifleman in Lime Street Cutting, Liverpool with the "Merseyside Express". Source: Eric Treacy
39. 46162 Queen's Westminster Rifleman leaving King's Cross during the 1948 Locomotive Exchange Trials, with NER Dynamometer Car No. 902502 built in 1906 directly behind the engine. 902502 is now part of the national collection and owned by the National Railway Museum. Source: F. R. Hebron
40. During the 1948 exchanges, No. 46162 Queen's Westminster Rifleman leaves Reading with the down 13.30 Paddington to Plymouth service. Source: M. W. Earley
41. Shows 46154 The Hussar paired with a WD 2-8-0 tender to provide extra water capacity for its 1948 trials on the trough-less Southern Region. The photo was taken near Hook on the down "Atlantic Coast Express"
42. No. 46121 Highland Light Infantry, City of Glasgow Regiment heads the 4pm Euston to Manchester service in this picture taken at Bushey in early BR days. Source: E. R. Wethersett
43. A Manchester to Euston express photographed shortly after leaving Rugby in April, 1959 hauled by No. 46115 Scots Guardsman
44. Full page photo of No. 46118 Royal Welsh Fusiliers shown here in its final form rebuilt with smoke deflectors topping Shap summit with the 13.10 Euston to Glasgow service in August 1963. Source: Peter J. Robinson
45. Wonderful picture of No. 46108 Seaforth Highlander belting along heading the down "Thames-Clyde Express" near Sanquhar in July, 1957. The Royal Scots still had a problem with drifting smoke even when the smoke deflectors were fitted and this photograph demonstrates that amply. Source: W. J. V Anderson
46. Rebuilt "Scot" and rebuilt "Patriot" - Nos 46123 Royal Irish Fusilier and 45521 Rhyl are ready to leave Leeds City on the 9.55am Newcastle-Liverpool in November 1960. Source: G. W. Morrison
47. This photo shows a unique experiment with square-shaped deflectors in BR days - No. 46106 Gordon Highlander on the Sunday 2.30pm Manchester to Birmingham train at Heaton Moor in June 1954. Source: T. Lewis
48. Close-up of No. 46148's nameplate: The Manchester Regiment
49. Nameplate of No. 6141: The North Staffordshire Regiment. Source: L. Hanson
50. Close-up of No. 6103's nameplate: Royal Scots Fusilier. Source: L. Hanson
51. Close-up of No. 6118's nameplate: Royal Welch Fusilier. The polished raised Brass letters, beading and regimental badge were set against a black painted ground. Source: L. Hanson
52. The first nameplates of No. 6121 simply said HLI (Highland Light Infantry: The City of Glasgow Regiment), whilst the more elaborate version shown here was a later substitution
53. No. 46126 takes water on the Whitmore troughs with an up express for Euston on June 16, 1962. Source: R. J. Farrell
54. When dieselisation encroached on the West Coast mainline, it displaced many steam locomotives; in this picture is No. 46151 The Royal Horse Guardsman which was displaced onto the Midland. Here is is leaving St. Pancras with the 13.55 Manchester express in August, 1960
55. No. 46163 Civil Service Rifleman is here seen leaving Nottingham with the 11.15am parcels for Marylebone in June, 1963. Source: Colin P. Walker
56. Downgraded to freight haulage, No. 46139 heads coal empties near Watford. Source: BR
57. No. 46153 The Royal Dragoon, cab painted with a diagonal strip to show its ability to work under 25kv overhead wires, heads the 15.40 Bradford-Carlisle out of Settle in April, 1965. Source: P. F. Claxton
58. At Oxford Station and working a freight train from Cowley to Merseyside is No. 46122 Royal Ulster Rifleman in May, 1962
59. No. 46162 Queen's Westminster Rifleman at Doncaster double-heading with A1 4-6-2 No. 60128 on a six-coach train from York in August 1961. Source: David C. Smith
60. No. 46141 The North Staffordshire Regiment after arrival with a special at Southampton Ocean Terminal in February 1963. The Queen Elizabeth ocean liner can be seen behind the locomotive. Source: G. Wheeler
61. No. 6100 Royal Scot on its first journey in preservation to serve as a static display in Butlin's holiday camp, Skegness where it was given a welcome by a band of the 1st Battalion Royal Scots Guards and a "redcoat" guard of honour. Source: Butlins
62. Lt. J. A. Napier, of the Scots Guards, salutes preserved No. 6115 Scots Guardsman during the renaming ceremony in October 1969 at the Dinting Railway Centre



Other books about the Royal Scot:


LMS Royal Scots


Royal Scots Locomotives


On the Footplate of LMS Engines

 



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